Alexander Calder

In American art history, Alexander Calder is considered an excellent example of someone who took his childhood creative inventions and turned them into a very sophisticated form of art. He is one of the few artists in history to create a new art form: the art of mobile sculpture. Alexander was an internationally recognized artist and his life was filled with creativity, imagination and artistic exploration.
As a child, Calder created small wooden and wire figures, built a wine circus and zoo, and designed jewelry for his sister\'s dolls. Calder created in many different art forms: mobiles, stabiles, wire sculptures, gouaches, drawings, jewelry, and tapestries.
Born in Lawnton, Pennsylvania on July 22, 1898, Alexander came from a family with a sculpting background. Though demonstrating his artistic ability as a child, something his parents encouraged him to do, he elected to study engineering at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey. After hard work, and determination, he received a degree in mechanical engineering in 1919.
An art-related assignment early in his engineering career brought him back to art. Two years, in 1923, he enrolled in an evening art class at the Art Students League in New York City. Finally, in 1923, at age 25, he abandoned engineering to become a full-time student at New York\'s Art Students League.
After three years of hard work, his first solo exhibition took place at The Artists Gallery, New York in 1926.
In 1931, he moved to Paris and began to make mobiles and sculptures. Calder\'s first abstract sculpture exhibited in Paris. His first mobiles were exhibited in Paris in 1932 and were composed of glass, pottery pieces and weathered wood.
In 1933, Calder returned to the United States and moved to Roxbury, Connecticut. While living in Connecticut, he completed several more mobiles These mobiles consisted of steel or tin painted cutouts, usually in primary colors, supported by connecting rods.
Although he is most famous for his mobiles and large scale works, Calder was active in many other forms of art, including painting, printmaking, and tapestry design. Many major exhibitions followed and in 1966 he published an autobiography. During this time span he also created several memorable works of art. These iclude, Tour Avec Mobile, made in 1950, "Elephant Rouge Trois Tetes Noires," made in 1968 Cirque, made in 1970, Crinkly, made in 1972, “Cheval Rouge,” made in 1974, and “Butterflies,” made in 1975. One of his most important projects, “Calder\'s Circus” was installed at the Whitney Museum of Modern Art in 1970.
Alexander Calder, the internationally famous American sculptor, is best known for inventing the mobile and the stabile (non-moving sculpture), and creating wire sculptures. These can collections can be found at the Art Institute of Chicago, Kunsthalle Bern (Switzerland), Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Museum of Modern Art in Denmark, the Metropolitan in New York, and other major museums in France, Sweden, Israel, Germany, Cuba and many more. He continued to work well into his seventies, leaving behind a project that had been very dear to him that was finished after his death. On that tragic day of November 11, 1976, Alexander Calder’s calling from god came.