Albert Einstein was known to be one of, if not the smartest scientist on earth. Einsteinšs beliefs and theories were scientifically advanced and ahead of his time. Einstein was especially known for his theory of relativity.
Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm Wurttemburg, Germany. Einsteins parents, Hermann and Paulina Kochwho were nonobservant Jews, moved to Munich when Einstein was only an infant. When Einstein was five his father gave him a compass. Young Einstein was amazed because no matter which way you turned it, it appeared to always stay pointing in the same direction. His later words were that there was ŗsomething deeply hidden had to be behind things˛.
At this time Einstein decided to become a German citizen. After public school in Munich and in Aarau, Switzerland,Einstein failed an exam that would have allowed him to recieve adiploma as an electrical engineer at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology. The next year he enjoyed a year at nearby Aarau secondary school. Here,he was educated by excellent teachers and first rate facilities in physics. In 1896 Einstein returned to the Zurich Polytechnic, where four years later he graduated as a secondary school teacher of Mathmatcs and physics.
Two years later he obtained a job at the Swiss patent office in Bern. This was an acceptional job for Einstein because it required careful attention and Einstein also obtained a large amount of publications in theoretical physics. One of the papers written in this time was given to the Universit of Zurich, which allowed him to get is Ph.D. in1905. In 1908, he sent a second paper to the University of Bern, where he became a privatdocent (lecturer).
By 1909, Einstein was recognized in Europe as a leading scientific thinker. Einstein also held a professing job at the German University of Prague and at the Zurich Polytechnic. By 1914 Einstein held the highest job a physisist could hold; he was a professor at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Gesellschaft in Berlin. This became another turning point in his life, because Einstein never again taught a regular university course. Einstein remained on the staff at Berlin until 1933, from which time until his death, he held an analogous research position at the institute for advanced study in Princeton, New Jersey.
The Papers of 1905.
During this time, Einstein made three of the greatest contributions to scientfic knowledge. Einstein contributed three papers to Annallen der Physik ( Annals of Physics),which was a scientific German periodical. Each of his papers became the basis of a new branch of physics.
In his first paper, Einstein suggested that light could be thought of as a stream of small particles. This idea was an important part of the quantum theory. In 1900, another German physicist Max K.E.L. Planck had proposed that the radiation of light occured in packets of energy, called quanta.Einsteinšs paper extended this idea by arguing that light itself consisted of quanta, which were later called photons.