Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in the small town of Ulm, in Southern Germany, near Europeís longest river, the Danube. His parents, Hermann and Pauline, were Jewish. His father was an electrician who was also interested in electrical inventions. However he was very unsuccessful in his business, and as soon as Albert was born, the family moved to Munich. As a child Einstein was very lonely and shy. He preferred to play with himself in the parks and woods. He first realized the wonders of science at the age of four, when his dad introduced him to magnets. Later in his, Einstein's Uncle Jacob introduced him to mathematics.

School was an unpleasant experience for Einstein. He was disgusted by how war strategies were taught at school and he had disgust for the military discipline that was taught in German schools. Albertís teachers were not happy with how poorly he was doing in school. Albertís family wasnít doing very well either there financial situation was getting worse.

Einstein's relatives in Northern City of Milan Italy, offered help to the family. At the time Einstein was at the age of fifteen and he decided to dropout of high school and join his family to travel to Milan. Albert Einstein had become a dropout. In Italy he felt free for the first time, he traveled through the countryside. He visited museums and art galleries, attended concerts and lectures, and most of all Einstein read books. But his good times did not last long. The electrical engineering business his father started had encountered one setback after another. The young researcher was told to settle down to a practical life of self-support. Albert could not imagine himself doing a career with a routine office, nor he could accept a profession like his father's.

Albert finally decided he needed to go to college. But because he had not graduated from high school, he could not enter any university in Germany. However, in Zurich, Switzerland, there was the country's famous Federal Institute of Technology. Einstein was sixteen at the time when he took the examination. He failed it, not in mathematics and physics, but in botany and languages. Einstein was advised to complete his secondary education at a high school. Einstein received the diploma that opened the doors to ETH. Einstein had become a university student.


Einstein threw himself into his studies, but even the well-known teachers at the university were easy for Einstein and did not help him to learn as much as he wanted to. He often cut classes and at the library he studied the works of physicists such as Heinrich Hertz, the discoverer of radio waves; Hermann Von Helmholtz, a proponent of the theory of sound and light, and many others. Eventually, Einstein graduated at the age of twenty-one from ETH. Now, it was time for Einstein to stand on his own feet and make a living. Einstein loved to teach, and several of his professors had offered him to be a lecture assistant, For the next few years he taught in a technical high school, and later he became a tutor for a private school. In those years Einstein was in a good position, but when he asked his charges for a larger share of education, he lost his job. So now, the former dropout who managed to graduate from a university, was now unemployed.

In one year, 1905, Einstein published four research papers, during his free time at the patent office, anyone of which would have made him a name in scientific circles. The first one, on the so-called Brownian motion, dealt with a particular motion of pollen particles suspended in a fluid. These particles dart in all directions as if they were alive, the motion becoming livelier the higher the temperature of the fluid. If we trace the path of such a particle, we would find a highly irregular zig zag line that apparently follows no inner law, as if it were just a random motion. Einstein showed that these jerky motions are caused by the many pushes the suspended particles receive from the still smaller molecules of the fluid that collide with it. Einstein showed that statistical fluctuations would cause imbalances large enough to