After the disaster of the Tiberias Saladin released King Guy of Jerusa
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After the disaster of the Tiberias, Saladin released King Guy of Jerusalem after he promise not to renew the war. King Guy believed that an oath to an infidel is no binding. The clergymen supported King Guy on this. Crusaders began to arrive at Tyre from the West. King Guy gathered a new army and in 1189, he challenged Saladin by taking over Acre. While the battle continued between the Franks and Muslims powerful forces were being collected in Europe for the recovery of the Holy Land. Three monarchs that took the cross (crusaders) were Richard I of England, Philip Augustus of France, and Emperor Fredrick I of Germany.
Emperor Fredrick took the land route through Asia Minor. This Route had proved disastrous in the past. Emperor Fredrick could not be stopped and when he reached the Turkish capital Iconium, he supplied his army from the Turkish stores. The sultan offered the Germans an unmolested clear passage for the rest of their journey if they would leave at once. Germans then got through safely to Antioch but Fredrick drowned while battling at a river. Richard and Philip Augustus both went by sea. Richard conquered Cyprus along the way he and Philip Augustus made it safely to Acre and joined the siege against the Muslims. After two years of fighting Saladin's garrison surrendered to the European army by out numbering him. Saladin refused all offers of a treaty.
Saladin hoped that the Crusades would break camp and move into the open to make the same errors as the Tiberias. When the walls of Acre were repaired the Muslim garrison beheaded for lack of ransom and the Crusades marched on to Jerusalem. King Richard was left in sole command and Philip Augustus left for France. King Richard was a superb warrior he learned about Muslim war tactics and he marched to Jerusalem through Jaffa taking the coast in order to keep in touch with ships and it prevented the Muslim army form encircling them. Muslims tried to break up Frank's army however there was no success. Saladin's plan was to attack at the rearguard and force it to halt and turn causing a break, which then would allow his horsemen to charge into it. King Richard had an idea of what was coming and had strict orders not to break up the form until he sounded the trumpets. The Franks stood strong, and took a heavy beating but defeated the Muslims. The battle was one of the greatest of all Crusading victories-it was won by generalship, forethought, and control.
The results of the crusades were that King Richard's victory at Arsouf recovered the coast for the Christians. But because of friction and disputes between the different interests and nationalities in his army progress was impossible. King Richard was obliged to come to terms with Saladin and therefore the treaty of 1192 was issued. This treaty left the coast in Frank's possession and allowed pilgrims to visit Jerusalem, but all interiors was for Muslims. King Richard then returned to the West against Philip Augustus. After issuing the treaty on year later in 1193 Saladin died.
Even though the Muslims had lost the war they still put up a good fight against the Crusades.
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Crusades, 2nd millennium, Military history by country, Asharis, Mujaddid, Saladin, Land of Israel, Guy of Lusignan, Richard I of England, Tiberias, Third Crusade, Battle of Jaffa
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