A renegade shot President William McKinley to death when he was shaking hands with the locals in Buffalo New York on September 6, 1901. Leon Czolgsz was the assassin. Sam Ireland was a bodyguard at the time and Leon caught hi eye but before he could go in to action it was too late. Dissipate the efforts of the surgeons McKinley died of his wounds eight (8) days later.

After McKinley’s death Roosevelt advocated managing natural resources and supervising big business. Even though he was on only 41 years old at the time of McKinley’s death he was well suited to acquire the presidency. Sense childhood Theodore Roosevelt knew that the earth was a precious commodity and can not be squandered. In this light he recognized the fact that there was a need to institute more national parks. He also recognized the fact that city dwellers as well as farmers have the needed for water. Big business was a problem with monopolizing; especially J. P. Morgan was a steal company that had a monopoly. This monopoly was in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act in 1902. A Supreme Court ruling found 5-4 that the Northern Security Company was in violation. Protection the consumer was a big subject as well The Jungle was a book about the meat inspections of 1906. The Meat Inspections Act of 1906 was to outlaw incorrectly labeled meat.

Woodrow Wilson was next in the line of presidents. He was a strong jawed, leader, and moral man. He did not like any republicans, including Teddy Roosevelt, and in this light he ridiculed them at every chance. During the elections in 1912 Wilson received 435 electrical votes, smashing Roosevelt in to the ground with 88 and Taft had about a tenth of what Roosevelt with only 8 votes, last and least was Eugene Debs with no votes (with a name like Eugene what do you expect?). After only two weeks of being president he held the first “regularly scheduled” press meeting. Three weeks later that he began lobbying congress to reduce tariffs, Reform banking, and the rights of workers. In reducing the tariffs the costs of international goods would go down, helping the consumer. Next Wilson devised a “Federal Reserve Fund,” watched over by a board appointed by the president. Finally we come to protecting the rights of workers; the first act was to restrict the use of children in factories and mines. This first act was shot down by congress, because they thought that it was for the states to decide what kind of child labor laws should be in place.

During the reign of Wilson many African Americans where under the poverty line. Some two thirds of them made a living (if you can call it that) as sharecroppers in the south growing tobacco or cotton. Thews who could moved to the cities and tried to find work in the factories. Starting in 1880 racial segregation was beginning to emerge especially in the south; passing laws that required African Americans to use different water fountains, Atlanta went was as far as to have African Americans to swear to a different bible than there white counterparts in courtrooms. Du Bois was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University. In 1909 he founded the National Association for the advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Americanizing consisted of making all immigrants learn English and basic laws, so that they will fit in to the basic culture. In 1882 their government limited the amount of Chinese immigrants. Then in 1907 Roosevelt came to an agreement with Japan to limit the amount of immigrants. Unions where a great thing, making a minimum wage for woman, limiting the work day, and wiping out child labor, this was a great time in the US.