A group of boys shot down of atomic war, are marooned on an island in the Pacific. The children in the
Lord of the Flies soon begin to quarrel and thier attempts to create an orderly, just society break down. On
one level the story shows how intelligence, Piggy, will always be overthrown in society by sadism, Roger,
and the lure of Totalitarianism, Jack, On the other the growth of savergy in the boys demonstrates the
power of originalsin. Simon, the Christ figure, who tries to tell the children that thier fears of the dead
parachutist are illusory, is killed in a terrifying the tribal dance. The Lord of the Flies is the head of a pig
which jack puts on a stick to duplicate the illusory beast. As simon understands the only dangerous beast
thew true Lord of the Flies, is the children themselves.The idea of placing the boys on an island and letting
them work out archetypal patterns of human society is a brilliant device for a stimulating, exciting plot.
Golding can describ!
e friendship, guilt, pain and horro with a full sense of how deeply meaningful these can be for the
individual. The terrible fire which kills the young children, the fear of Raplh as he is pursued across the
island, and Piggy’s fall to his death on the rocks make us feel in thier vivid detail, Golding’s intense
conviction that every particular of human life has profound importance. His children are not juvenile
delinquents, but human beings realizing for themselves the beauty and horror of life.The conch which
Piggy and Ralph discover in the lagoon and use to call the chidlren to assemblies is not just a symbol of
order. From the beginning Golding does justice to the strange attraction of the shell with it’s delicate
emposed pattern and deep harsh engravings to which echoes back from the pink granite of the mountain.
When towards the end of the novel when the conch is smashed, we feel that sadness which comes when an
object of such beauty is broken. It also is symbolic of the !
beauty of justice and order. The dead parahutist is the beast to the children, a symbol of adult evil, which by
thier own act of killing Simon they have shown as a part of themselves.
The island, the see, and the scarifice of Simon, also Ralph are the truth of the situation, His mind finds the
burden of respnosibilty too great and he begins to his power to think coherently. Jack’s return to savergery,
taking all the children with him, is portrayed with frightening realism. The lust for killing grows too strong.
Behind thier painted faces and long hair, the children can find a security, a lack of personal responsibiltyfor
evil they interpret and this desire explains the growth of Jack’s prestige. Only the intelligence of Piggy is
not tempted by the tribal dances and his character is presented with great compassion. He has a powerful
belief in the importance of civil order and gradually Ralph learns to appreciate his value. Piggy’s death is a
strong reminder of the unjust treatment given by society of so many good men. The growth of savagery
forces Ralph to make strange speculations about the meaning of human idenitity, he faces the possibilty
that here there!
is no perspective to human life. He longs to return to the world of adults and the irnoy of this illusions
shown when, after battle in the skies, the daed parachutist comes down as a sign from the world of the
grown ups. Golding deliberately amkes us forget that these are children. Thier drama and conflict typify the
inevitable overthrow of all attemtps to impose a civilisation on the instincts of man. The crazy sadistic
chase to kill Ralph is suddenly halted to be the ear of a semi circle of boys with war print on them. But the
irony is also directed at the naval officer who comes to rescue them. His cruiser, the sub machine gun, his
white drill are more sophisticated subsitutes for the war paint, sticks of Jack and his foolowers. He too is
chasing men in order to kill and the dirty children mock the civiliesed attempts to hide the power of evil. So