A dream can be defined as a vision of anything
that is possible or desirable to one. Like bits and pieces of intrigue, dreams lay a path for every person to follow to reach their own point of
fulfillment. Dreams are perhaps some of the most
important forces that drive people to do things and
work hard. Most of the time dreams are not the
easiest things to accomplish because they are our
dreams. They require hard work, dedication, and
persistence in order to receive the desired results.
In the play, A Raisin in the Sun, written by Lorrain
Hansberry, the characters each have a specific
dream that has to be accomplished in order to reach
a level of happiness and fulfillment which is unachievable by performing any of the everyday
tasks of life.
Throughout the play, the reader believes that the author reveals Walter as having only one dream: having money. Walter's one and only dream was to have money which would, in his mind, lead to total success and happiness. "Baby, don't nothing happen for you in this world 'less you pay somebody off!"(1. 1. 818) makes the reader believe that Walter's soul purpose in life was to make money. The reader might conclude that Walter thinks in order to make money, he has to spend money. Walter was willing to spend the check that was coming in the mail to start a liquor store which would make him money in the future. When Walter said, "You know the check is coming tomorrow"(1. 1. 820), it pointed out the interest that he had in obtaining the check for his own economic well-being. The check played a significant role in the process of reaching Walter's goal. It stood as the capital investment into future success in the selling of liquor. This liquor store would bring in the money to make his dream come true. Money was almost the only thing that kept Walter going. In Walter's mind, money meant more to him than anything "Because it [money] is life, Mama"(1. 2. 833) This is truly where the reader believes that Walter's dream was to have and make money through the means of Mama's check to invest
in a liquor store.
Beneatha also had a dream that revolved totally around the check. For a period of time, the reader believes the only way that Beneatha was going to achieve her dream in becoming a doctor was to get the money from Mama's check. To Beneatha the check symbolized the only way that she was going to get through medical school. Her only goal was to become a doctor. "Ain't many girls decide--...to be a doctor"(1. 1. 828) gave the reader the first hint in Beneatha's dream of becoming a doctor. The reader also believes that her independence is a symbol. It symbolized that she didn't need anyone and in becoming a doctor, she would be a self-sufficient, unyielding person. Beneatha said "Listen, I'm going to be a doctor. I'm not worried about who I'm going to marry yet-- if I ever get married."(1. 1. 825). These angry words of Beneatha's give the reader a chance to see her independent state of mind and the desire she had to achieve her dream. Her character later changes when she is reunited with Asagai, one of her many admirers. He gives her the confidence she needs through his intriguing words. This wise young Nigerian pointed out that she did need people to achieve her undying dream of becoming a doctor. She finally seems to achieve her dream when at the end of the play when Asagai asks her to marry him. Through this, they can be together and, at the same time, she can go to Africa to practice medicine with a man who appreciates her dream. When Beneatha tells Mama, "To go to Africa, Mama-- be a doctor in Africa... To practice there..."(3. 1. 864) the reader knows that her future will finally be laid down in the order at which she planned. The reader infers Beneatha's dream was reached and help played a vital role in obtaining it.
Mama, throughout that play, seemed to have and unachievable dream of her family perhaps
achieving happiness and strength. The reader