1. Both Greek and Roman architecture differed in style. Greek sculptures were mainly statues that represented heroes of that era. They were used to portray the architect's views of the person or place being recreated. When reconstructing the Parthenon, three column styles were used: ionic, Corinthian, and Doric. Greeks also used paint to add a finishing touch to some sculptures.
Although some Roman architecture was based on the same style as the Greek models, Romans strived to develop more elaborate details in their work. Unlike the Greeks, Romans were impressed with circular architecture such as domes, arches, and vaults. A place that the Roman's would be use as a meeting place.
2. Both Michelangelo's David, and the classic Warrior are similar because both are statues of a supposed hero. With one foot supporting all of the weight, both of their stances are alike. The difference, however, lies in the gestures of the two sculptures. The Warrior is standing with his arms down. This creates a more relaxed and less forceful character. On the other hand, the sculpture of David positions his hands up as in a fighting position. This shows a more eminence feeling of power and alertness. In conclusion, the sculpture of David portrayed a more humanistic figure than that of the Warrior.
3. One point perspective is a technique used when an artist places a horizontal line at his/her eye level. At the midpoint of this line, vanishing points are directed in right angles to the plane on the canvas. Italian Renaissance artists used one point perspective when trying to link spiritual and earthly traditions. After an intense study of "anatomy and light" and through the use of mathematics, one point perspective was brought about. Masaccio used this perspective in one of his works, The Holy Trinity, as did Leonardo da Vinci in The Last Supper.
4. Impressionist painters attempted to express in their painting by what they saw not what their minds new to paint, as in the Realist art. Artists such as Monet, Renoir, and Pissarro, after being denied the right to display their new form of artwork, organized their own exhibition. The entire exhibit and newfound ideas lead to contradicting views on how to display life. Although critics rejected the paintings imperfect quality, the breakaway from Realism prompted a movement known as impressionism.
5. German expressionism is the emphasis of internal feeling and emotions. It is an art form that was used to express the entire condition of human life. German Expressionism was founded as a result of the standards of achievement set by artists such as Gauguin and Van Gogh. Its roots formed out of influences of Fauvism, Cubism, and many other various ideals. German expressionism explored the themes of poverty, corruption, loneliness, sorrow, and passion, but refused to focus on the norms of social and moral issues.
6. Two stylistic approaches helped to develop what is known as the Post-Impressionist period. One approach was the emphasis on observation. They felt that nature and life didn't fulfill this approach and didn't justify or allow personal expression. Another approach was the solid form and picture that was created for the development of ideas. Artists such as Seurat and Van Gogh illustrated these various approaches in their paintings. A Sunday on La Grande Jatte used division of colors that would be mixed in order to create a more structured area of color and shapes. Seurat used tiny dots along with shapes to create a visual image. This allowed him to search for different types of relationships and patterns that could be used in the production of art. Van Gogh, on the other hand, used a type of movement in his painting Starry Night to define a different style of brushwork, and to create, "powerful symbolic issues."
7. In Fauve paintings, artist such as Matisse and Derain sought to include many different stylistic approches in their artwork. Particularly, in Henri Matisse's painting, Joy of Life, stylistic approaches of Fauvism were displayed. Simple colors were used, unclear lines were randomly placed, and elementary shapes were all used to define the elements in the painting. The childlike quality allows the viewer to find a certian joy, yet substain the intenseity of the creation of the world.
Derain's London Bridge is yet another work of art that used color to create a different perspective.