Introduction to Islam Allah (God) Islam is the complete submission and obedience to Allah (God). The name Allah (God) in Islam never refers to Muhammad (pbuh), as many Christians may think; Allah is the personal name of God. What do Muslims believe about Allah? 1. He is the one God, Who has no partner. 2. Nothing is like Him. He is the Creator, not created, nor a part of His creation. 3. He is All-Powerful, absolutely Just. 4. There is no other entity in the entire universe worthy of worship bes
Islam Islam is a religion that has existed for millions of years. The followers believed that there is one God and Muhammad is his messenger. Muhammad was deeply troubled by the idol worship of Arabs and the moral ills of society. When he was about 40, he was meditating and heard a voice. According to Muslim the belief the voice was that of the angel Gabriel it said, “Proclaim.” When Muhammad asked what should I proclaim the voice responded with proclaim in the name of God. Muhammad was a young
Islam More Than A Religion Despite its huge following around the world and the growing Muslim communities in the United States, Islam is foreign to most Americans who are familiar with Christianity or Judaism. Because most Americans know little or nothing about Islam, they have many misconceptions about Muslim beliefs and rituals. The negative image many people in the United States and Europe have of Islam and the Muslim world has a long history. Many have judged Islam without making an effort t
ISLAM 570--Birth of Muhammad into Quraysh, the ruling tribe of Mecca. Islamic tradition relates miraculous signs foretelling Muhammad's future greatness. Orphaned and raised by an uncle Abu Talib to be a trader. 595-Muhammad marries Khadijah a rich widow several years his senior. Earns reputation of Al-Amin --the faithful, for his virtue and wisdom. 610- The Night of Power (believed to be the 26th of Ramadan)--First revelation while meditating in a cave on Mt. Hira outside Mecca. Voices and visi
A Biography of Seyyed Hossein Nasr Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, one of the world's leading experts on Islamic science and spirituality, is University Professor of Islamic Studies at George Washington University. Professor Nasr is the authour of numerous books including Man and Nature: the Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man (Kazi Publications, 1998), Religion and the Order of Nature (Oxford, 1996) and Knowledge and the Sacred (SUNY, 1989). Introduction Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Prof
Nature of Religion My report about the nature of religion will out line the following. The report was set to give info about sex ,age,nationallaty, occupation , marital status then a simple ranking witch the person had to rank ,sport ,money ,family, religion ext honestly and lastly they had to answer three questions witch wanted to know how important religion was to them , if they could live without religion and finally the last question related to death. In the first five questions many people
Buddhism o What is the understanding of the nature of god that is characteristic of this religion? While many people believe Buddha is a type of god, according to most Buddhists this is not true. The Theravadhians, who claim to be the original Buddhists, are certain that Buddha claimed he did not want to be seen as a god. Terry Lovat, author of Studies in Religion states, ‘(The Theravadhians) even claim that the Buddha explicitly told his followers not to believe in any gods. If they believe in
Religion Religion-7 1-20-04 In his letter to the Corinthians, St. Paul is telling us that we do have something to look forward to, something to live for. God is out there and he is real. He wants us to do good deeds and to follow strong moral guidelines. St. Paul tells us that we should live for tomorrow, and we should live for god, for if we don’t then we might as well just live for sin, and let it consume us, for tomorrow we may die. Religion-7 1-22-04 My Eagle Scout Service Project, I painted
Religion in America The United Sates of America is a country with no royal family, no heritage of timeless and interdependent state institutions, no symbols or national icons that date back centuries, a country without one dominant religion or church.1 It is a country where immigrants freely come with their own religions, values, and cultures. Many of these immigrants share their beliefs, and many differ. The increasing religious diversity in the nation has an effect on how Americans choose to h
Religion Assignment 1.0 Introduction The purpose of this assignment gives information on the history of Judaism in Australia and Brisbane, and the extended services of Judaism in Brisbane. And a case study of the Jewish Sinai College. The resources gathered in this report were gathered from various locations, including books, internet, articles and interviews. 2.0 Background The Jewish Background of Australia is extensive to the very first convicts that arrived. Australia original Jews arrived w
Religion Every country in the world is full of millions of diverse people as well as many distinct religions. Events in the past have brought the question in people’s minds “What is the relationship between the religion of our political leaders and their ability to govern wisely?”. It seems that this question is only raised when the country is suffering through matters that concern the government such as by laws or economic decisions. There will always be a place for religion in government by de
Religious Wars – Humanity’s Worst Vice “Onward, Christian soldiers, marching as to war, with the cross of Jesus going on before. Christ, the royal Master, leads against the foe; forward into battle see his banners go!” This is the first verse from the well known Christian Hymn written by Sabine Baring-Gould, 1864 and composed by Arthur S. Sullivan, 1871. Although it represents an army of Christians ‘fighting’ against sin and the devil, in today’s society it can represent a religion involved in,
The Role of Women in the Church December 9, 2003 SOC of Religion The Role of Women in the Church With the advent of the feminist movement, the role of women in all parts of society has come under increasing scrutiny. One area of recent controversy is the role of women in the Christian Church. Some churches whose traditions and practices are less rigidly tied to Biblical doctrines have begun placing women in leadership positions such as pastor or teacher. Other churches which interpret the Bible
The Simpsons How did The Simpsons, one of the most popular television shows in history, go from being attacked by many religious leaders for its lack of family values to being called on of the most theologically relevant programs in prime time? Religion journalist Mark Pinsky tackles that question in this accessible, witty, and enlightening book. Pinksy explores the individual characters, interviews several of the show’s writers and producers, and concludes with a discussion of whether the show,
Acts of the Apostles vs. St. Paul 3/17/04 A-Block Religion The Acts of the Apostles told what happened by Paul. It also went through more detailed stories. Paul made himself sound faithful to God yet he persecuted Christians. In the Acts of the Apostles, they talked about Paul as a bad person that hated the disciples of God. He asked the high priest if he had any letters they needed delivered to the synagogue at Damascus, so he could bring it and arrest the disciples taking them to Jerusalem. On
What is the Meaning of Life? What is the meaning of life? This question has puzzled the human race for about as long as it has existed. This begs the question, if no-one has thought of an answer by now, no-one including geniuses such as Isaac Newton, Albert Einstein and Stephen Hawking, then why ask a fourteen year old boy? The answer to that is simple, I am a complete and utter genius, a “super genius” if you will. Of course this idea is quite laughable, and the real reason one might perhaps as
Yom Kippur Yom Kippur is the most important holidays for the Jewish. It is a time for people to seek forgiveness from others. Yom Kippur is important because it comes just before the Jewish new year so that people can have a fresh start for the new year. Yom Kippur also gives people a chance to look back on the past year and plan for the upcoming year. Yom Kippur dates back to biblical times when animals were used to transfer sins to. The first animal that was used was a goat, but soon roosters
In Search of a Cyclops How scientists look for a unified field theory but are actually looking to find god In religion there are four possibilities available to us. The first one is that god exists, the second is that several/multiple gods exist, while the third one states that no god exists. The fourth option does not belong to the field of religion, but must be mentioned here nevertheless. Agnostics state that they do not know and cannot know about divine existence or divine absence. In scienc
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF ART This paper will show the relationship between the environment and fine arts. Both of these subjects are evaluated on a perceptual basis of what the observer sees and appreciates. As the basis for this report, it will be determined what is considered art and what comprises the environment. Defining what is art has been discussed at least since Plato wrote in The Republic about the place of the artist in society. The importance of art to mankind has peculiarly modern i
Organic Evolution LBST 2231 April 16, 2004 Everybody knows the great debate about how the world became what it is and how the earth was created. Even though we are living in the technology age, there are still no certainties about how everything came to be how we see it today. This is mainly due to the obvious fact that there were no humans alive at the time earth was first created to record data on the earliest years of Earth. What we do know however, is that everything came about by something
Carnivalesque Resistance to Global Spectacle: A Critical Postmodern Theory of Public Administration April 12, 2001; Revised April 30, 2001 Pre-publication draft of article published in: Administrative Theory Praxis, Vol 23 (3): 431-458. Abstract I propose a critical postmodern application of Debord’s Spectacle and the carnivalesque of Bakhtin to the theatrics I see happening in city streets, on college campuses, and Internet resisting the new globalized economy. In the past decade pubic administ
AbortionWhat It Really Is and My View On It 111 pd 8 February 20, 2004 Abortion Research Paper Health III Throughout the history of this nation, women have continued to gain benefits that they previously had not received. In the 1920’s, women were given the right to vote, and with this, women found that their voice was to be heard. As the nation progressed, both in its mentality and infrastructure, women were allowed to do much more, breaking many stereotypes, and even challenging and then chang
Max Weber’s View of Capitalism What role does the protestant work ethic play in Weber’s view of the origins of capitalism? Max Weber's theory of the part in which Protestantism, specifically Calvinism, played in the development of a spirit of capitalism in western Europe has had a profound effect on the thinking of sociologists and historians since its publication in 1904. Many historians value its application of social theory to historical events and praise it for its attempt to explain why cap
BLACK VS. BLACK Psychology of Racism Racism If you're White you're alright, if you're brown, stick around, if you're Black, stay back. You may not have ever heard that old saying, but many believe the feeling behind it is still as popular as the rhyme was generations ago; positive character traits are associated with light skin, while negative attributes and problems are connected to darker skin color. Many people believe that African Americans receive a great amount of discrimination from Cauca
Family Values I had a really hard time as I tried hard to think of a family to compare my own with. Everyone my family associates with has seemingly high values and standards. As I came to a decision I decided to compare my family with that of my boyfriends. I am around them almost more than I am my own family. They are such wonderful people but we do have our differences. As I dug down deep I realized that our families are exactly that, different. In the end we still have our standards and high
Food Shortages There are many causes of food shortages in Africa. Usually a combination of war, debt, dependence on cash crop production, population growth, land ownership, political problems and the climate means that large groups of people do not have access to enough food to ensure that a healthy standard of living can be maintained. War makes it difficult to produce food and transport it to those who are most in need. In countries such as the Sudan, people find it difficult to meet their nee
Homosexual: Homosexual Marriage Homosexual 1 Running head: Homosexual Homosexual: Homosexual Marriage Soc 1 - Introduction to Sociology December 8, 2003 Homosexual 2 Abstract My DRP Paper is about Gay Marriages. Why and why they should not legalize gay marriage. The importance in children’s roles in gay marriages. The most important questioned asked of all, how would the children react to this, or how would they be brought up. I discuss my opinion on what I think about the gay marriages. I also
ISLAM AND WOMEN’S SEXUALITY: A RESEARCH REPORT FROM TURKEY The control over women’s sexuality through restriction, coercion, violence or more complicated forms of political and social manipulation remains the most powerful tool of patriarchy in the majority of societies. Religion is often misused, both as an instrument of this control mechanism and as a cultural system, to legitimize the violation of women’s human rights. However, concentrating on the role of religion in constructing women’s sex
Legalisation of Abortion Worldwide Reproductive freedom – the fundamental right of every individual to decide freely and responsibly when and whether to have a child – is a reaffirmation of the principle of individual liberty cherished by most people worldwide. It helps ensure that children will be wanted and loved, that families will be strong and secure, and that choice rather than chance will guide the future of humanity. Shouldn’t this be the way forward for humanity? It seems not. In many p
Let Us Pray The ninety-three students of the class of 2000 filed into the already crowded auditorium of Brazoswood Senior High School. They walked in tandem with their rich maroon gowns flowing and their tradition caps atop their heads. They looked almost as grown up as they felt. Dads swallowed hard behind broad smiles and moms freely brushed away tears. This class would not pray during the commencements, not by choice, but because of a recent court ruling prohibiting it. The principal and seve
Majority among the few The ambition of terrorists to destroy our way of life has lead to many definitions as to the face of these assailants. Current events have forced us to clearly label the face of this adversary and the idealist teachings. While this idealism resides inside of one of the largest and fastest growing religions in the world we as American’s must be careful not to include the majority with this minority. I could further argue that it is this very rational that further escalates
Identity Eng 304 Essay # 3 What influences a person’s identity? Is it their homes, parents, religion, or maybe where they live? When do they get one? Do they get it when they understand right from wrong, or when they can read, or are they born with it? Everyone has one and nobody has the same, is there a point in everyone’s life when they get one? A person’s identity is his or her own, nobody put it there and nobody can take it out. Everyone in this world has a different identity because they al
PRO-GAY MARRIAGE IN AMERICA America is the land of liberty where everyone has freedom of choice of lifestyle, religion etc. America has always believed in equality with a few exceptions from history which were resolved. Segregation is one of those exceptions. African-Americans until 1965 were passionately hated by whites. Even after the legislation was passed saying that all men are equal, America still struggled to adapt to this change. Today America would not do such a thing as discriminating
Pornography Feminist positions on pornography currently break down into three rough categories. The most common one is that pornography is an expression of male culture through which women are commodified and exploited. A second view, the liberal position, combines a respect for free speech with the principle a woman's body, a woman's right and thus produces a defense of pornography along the lines of, I don't approve of it, but everyone has the right to consume or produce words and images. A th
POVERTY A SUBJECT Nearly 60% poor live in our human world. For example, countries like India and other who has thick population and dominated by illiterates and semi- littermates (semi-literate means with less literacy level which deprives them from employment in high tech or medium industries). This category does not fit into high tech industries. For them agricultural, small and cottage industries are most suitable.
Rectification and Compensation ENG 111 Affirmative Action is one of the most controversial civil rights policies ever. Affirmative Action is the process in which minority groups are given preferential treatment in areas such as job hiring and university admissions. Proponents of affirmative action claim that it benefits everyone and that it is a moral necessity in our society. Opponents claim that it actually hurts society by maintaining racial stereotypes and pitting races against each other. S
Why Teen Pregnancy is a Concern Teen Pregnancy is a concern in many countries. In this paper a teen is defined as a male or female between the ages of 14-20. Of the Western industrialized nations, the United States has one of the highest teen birth rates. In the United States approximately 905,000 teens become impregnated each year: 9.4% of our youth population. Of this group an estimated 78% of pregnancies were unintended and in 40% of the cases the teen was under the age of 20. Although the nu
Dalits the untouchables A Dalit is not considered to be part of the human society, but something, which is beyond that. Dalits are seen as polluting for higher caste people. If a higher caste Hindu is touched by an untouchable or even had a Dalit's shadow across them, they consider themselves to be polluted and have to go through a rigorous series of rituals to be cleansed. In India there are approximately 240 million Dalits. This means that nearly 25% of the population is Dalit. It also means t
Arab Culture The Arab culture has always been criticized by the westerns as uncivilized and barbaric. On the other side, the Arabs thought of the westerns as infidels and unwise people. This led to a great deal of conflicts between the two cultures, which remain until this moment. It is a meaningless question to ask which culture is better, but a more definite question is which culture is better at what? The western culture for example appears to be more successful in business, economics, scienc
“Women” and RIGHTS The international organizations and communities made strong commitments to gender equality and the empowerment of women at United Nations conferences during the past decades. Many organizations have come ahead with their endeavor to equalize gender inequality. Results have been very little, not because of any lapses by them but the major obstacle to equal opportunity is the social structure that discourages women’s economic growth. Can be achieved only by joint efforts of pare
SEXUALITY OF WOMEN IN EASTERN TURKEY Overall in many societies, the rights and the status of women have improved considerably in the last century. However, when compared with men, women are still unequally treated in the sense of traditional rituals. Although it differs between countries, cultures and societies, mostly in male-dominated societies, women are expected to obey some certain rules that men do not have to. It is these rules and social perceptions that challenge the evolution of women
Does the Internet Bring Freedom? Will the Internet make the world more free? Some would answer with a resounding yes. Consider, for example, the views of John Perry Barlow of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, who has declared in his widely-circulated Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace (1996): Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind….I declare the global social space we are building to be naturally independent
Advances in Technology Are advances in technology making us more efficient, or just creating more barriers to entry for the average person? The effects of technological advancement differ depending on the level at which they are examined. From an overall societal perspective, the technological advances of the past fifty years have made many, if not all, industries more efficient. However, on a more personal level the digital divide is a very real phenomenon accentuating the differences between t
Protestant Reformation Religion is a predominant force in our world today. It also had a strong impact on the lives of those alive during the Protestant Reformation. Many changes were brought along by this historical chain of events. Recently, many incidents have occurred to change the way people view religion. Examples include the Holocaust and, more recently, the Branch-Davidians in Waco, Texas. Even a more spectacular event in history occurred when a group of people decided that just because
Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of these do not understand this man's work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of science is astonishing. Yes,many have heard of Albert Einstein's General Theory of relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover what some have called, "The greatest single achievement of human thought."
Crazy Horse When I think back of the stories that I have heard about how the Native American Indians were driven from their land and forced to live on the reservations one particular event comes to my mind. That event is the Battle of the Little Big Horn. It is one of the few times that the Oglala Sioux made history with them being the ones who left the battlefield as winners. When stories are told, or when the media dares to tamper with history, it is usually the American Indians who are looked
Paul's Letter To The Galatians A Humanities Essay That Teaches The Study of The Bible As A Historical Document PAUL'S LETTER TO THE GALATIANS: When Paul attended the Jerusalem Conference in 48 or 49, a decision was made that gentiles would be allowed to become Christians without becoming Jews first (ie. have a circumcision, and follow the Jewish Laws). Paul, being the one that defended the gentile's right to be Christians, became the apostle to the gentiles. Why would Paul, a Jew, want to be an
Who Was Jesus? A Humanities Essay That Teaches The Study of The Bible As A Historical Document I felt a very positive impression of who Jesus was after finishing the Book of Matthew. I had a new image of someone who was a down-to-earth, caring individual. I did not find quotes of Jesus that claimed being superior to the common man, of whom sinners could not look upon (a view that most people had of their Gods for centuries before). Matthew 12:49-50, Jesus announces to multitudes that they are h
Henrik Ibsen Henrik Ibsen was born at Skien in Norway on March 20, 1828. When he was eight, his father went bankrupt. This event made a deep impression upon him. After they went bankrupt, his family moved to a small farm north of the town where they lived in poverty. Henrik was forced to attend a small local school. He received a substandard education. In 1843, the family returned to town. Unfortunately they were still poor. Ibsen came from a very dysfunctional family. His domineering father wa
Spain The country of Spain lies on the continent of Europe. It is located forty degrees north and four degrees west. The capital of Spain, Madrid, is located in the central region known as the Centro-Meseta. The country of Spain is made up of four regions: El norte, El este, El sur, and Centro-Meseta. Spain's large area of 195,988 square miles covers about five sixths of the Iberian Peninsula. It is one of the largest countries in Western Europe. At its widest point, Spain stretches 635 miles f