Ancient Greek Medicine While Greek Medicine particularly from the 5th century B.C onwards, increasingly used scientific method to develop cures, there still however remained people that considered medicine to be a religion. The ancient Greeks (Hellenic) made important discoveries about the human body and health, so by the sixth century BC, medicinal practices focused largely on a more clinical approach involving observation. Their discoveries were made by firstly studying the human anatomy using
Benjamin Franklin: His Life When one takes a look at the world in which he currently lives, he sees it as being normal since it is so slow in changing. When an historian looks at the present, he sees the effects of many events and many profound people. Benjamin Franklin is one of these people. His participation in so many different fields changed the world immensely. He was a noted politician as well as respected scholar. He was an important inventor and scientist. Particularly interesting is hi
Causes of World War One Nationalism, militarism, imperialism, and the system of alliances were four main factors that pressed the great powers towards this explosive war.” (Clock Magazine, 1915 Aug. 17). Although Francis Ferdinand was assassinated and sparked the beginning of the war, this however was not the main cause. The four major roles that played in the cause of World War I were Nationalism, Militarism, Imperialism, and the Alliance System. Nationalism: a philosophy that is purely focused
Voltarie French philosopher, historian, dramatist and man of letters, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet simply, was born on the 1st of November 1694 at Paris, and was baptized the next day. His father was Francois Arouet, a notary; his mother was Marie Marguerite Daumart or D'Aumard. Both father and mother were of Poitevin extraction, but the Arouets had been for two generations established in Paris, the grandfather being a prosperous tradesman. The family appear to have always belonged
Historian Friedrich Meinecke 1 Historiography 28 February 2004 Friedrich Meinecke was born in October 1862 in the Prussian town of Salzwedel as the son of a post office worker. After studying History and Philosophy in Berlin and Bonn, he obtained his doctorate in 1886. He entered the Prussian archive service in 1887 and submitted his post-doctoral thesis in Berlin in 1896. From 1893, he was editor, then from 1896 publisher of the Historische Zeitschrift or Historical Magazine. In these times he
J. Edgar Hoover’s FBI John Edgar Hoover was the director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from 1924 until his death in 1972. He was the driving force behind turning that fledgling government agency into the great institution that the FBI is today. Hoover transformed the bureau by implementing extraordinary training and recruiting programs. The Hoover building in downtown Washington, D.C. is now the national headquarters for the FBI. During his time as director of the FBI, he built the FBI’
Malcolm X Malcolm X is a powerful voice in American history. In his short lifetime he went through several significant shifts in his lifestyle and philosophy. The hardships that Malcolm endures as a child led to his fascination with life in the fast lane, where he used his wits as a hustler and thief. black militant leader who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s Malcolm X, a civil rights leader in the 1960's believed that blacks and whites should be segreg
Marcus Garvey: A Black Hero American Literature March 29, 2004 When most people think of Black Nationalism they think of the Black Panthers or 2-Pac more recently. But what they don’t know is that a century ago the world had its first taste of African Americans need for unity. Marcus Garvey was born in Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr. in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica in 1887. Garvey had experience with politics when he was 20 he was an active trade unionist and was elected vice president of the compositors’ b
Mathematics Throughout the years, the history of mathematics has taken its fair share of changes. It has stretched across the world from the Far East, migrating into the Western Hemisphere. One of the most fundamental and key principles of mathematics has been the quadratic formula. Having been used in several different cultures, the formula has been part of the base of mathematics theory. The general equation has been derived from many different sources, most commonly: ax2 + bx + c = 0, with x
Martin Luther King – Religious Influences The three people that influenced Martin Luther King the most, out of any others, were Henry David Thoreau, Mahatma K. Gandhi and Walter Rauschenbusch. Out of these three, the person that influenced Martin Luther King the most was Mahatma K. Gandhi. The two names given to his philosophies are ‘Soul force’ and ‘Non violence’. The other name by which these philosophies are known is ‘Passive resistance’. Three ways in which this philosophy is carried out phy
Plato Plato, the philosopher, centered his thoughts around the soul, which to him was the principal of life and movement. The immortal wisdom of Plato, is the guidance in which ethical theory and philosophy take root. His mentor was the great philosopher, Socrates. Plato, took the Socratic point of view and developed his main philosophy, which was the philosophy of the soul. THE LIFE OF PLATO Early Life Plato was born in 427 B.C.E. into a wealthy family that was both aristocratic and politically
Renaissance Humanism Writers and philosophers of the Renaissance expressed their opinions about human nature and humans’ roles in the universe through their writings. Francesco Petrarch pioneered the first intellectual movement called humanism. An Italian poet and man of letters, he attempted to apply the values and lessons of antiquity to questions of Christian faith and morals in his own day. He believed that true eloquence and ethical wisdom had been lost during the Middle Ages and could onl
Socrates Question 1 Explain Socrates’ claim that the crucial qualification for ruling is not wanting to rule. What is the role of philosophy in producing this qualification? Socrates first introduces philosophy as a qualification for rulers in Book V. It is here that he formulates the idea of philosophers as king, or kings as philosophers. Socrates feels that this is the most controversial idea he has put forward, the third and greatest wave of paradox. However, one could consider his theories o
Spain 1263 “The Jews furnish our viziers, chancellors and most of our officers of our army and we simply cannot do it without them.” This was answered by Alfonso VI in response to Pope Gregory VII”s complaints about rising Jewish prominence in Spain (Sachar, 1994). By the middle of the eighth century, the eastern half of the Byzantine Empire, Persia, North Africa, and the southern Iberian Peninsula, were ruled by the Moslem caliphs. Because of their love for science and the spread of knowledge,
Thomas Jefferson: Great American November 2, 2003 A.P. U.S. History 5th Hour As the third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson's accomplishments and leadership ability virtually changed the course of history. While Jefferson is best known for his political career, his talents didn’t end there. His interests were boundless, he was a philosopher, educator, naturalist, scientist, inventor, pioneer in scientific farming, musician, and writer, and he was the a one of the leading spokesmen
The Emergence of the Colonies lead to American Revolution History Writing Assignment The American Revolution started in 1775, reached its climax in 1776, and partially ended in 1789 when the Constitution was ratified. USA is one of the few countries that underwent only one revolution. The American Revolution is an interesting one because the settlers had freedom before that. The changes in the government lead to this Revolution. The question is did this have an impact on the colonies? If so, to
Constitutional Democracy In the formulating of a constitutional democracy, the Framers were influenced by two governmental theories: John Locke’s natural rights philosophy and the ideals of classical republicanism from the Greeks and Romans. Locke’s philosophy pondered on the importance of individual rights and self-interest. People who live under a certain government have a “social contract” with their political representatives, or the government. The have an agreement that as long as the gover
Criminal Justice Before the sixteenth century children were considered either property to be traded or small adults, when by the age 5 or 6 were expected to assume the roll of an adult. As the centuries moved forward the views of children changed, children were seen not as miniature adults but as having a distinct personality, that they were easily corrupted and needed to be corrected to become morale and productive members of society. In the colonial era of America the family was the basic unit
The First Amendment The First Amendment states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” Justice Hugo Black believed that the First Amendment requires the state to remain neutral in its relationship with religious believers. I disagree with Justice Black’s interpretation of the First Amendment. The First Amendment states that Congress can make no law establishing a religion. It does not say that the state may not favor a religion or it’s general philosophy. We, after
The Paradoxical Nature of Knowledge A doctrine in philosophy is a very paradoxical statement. Having a Ph.D. means that one has reached the highest recognition of his knowledge in a specific field. Yet, it is paradoxical, because the very basic nature of the practice of philosophy suggests that there is no such thing as knowing everything that there is to know about any subject, or knowing anything for that matter. If one thinks he knows much, in a philosophical view, he knows nothing. Knowledge
Analysis of Leo Tolstoy and his work How Much Land Does A Man Need? How Much Land Does A Man Need?, by Leo Tolstoy was influenced by his life and times. Leo Tolstoy encountered many things throughout his life that influenced his works. His life itself influenced him, along with poverty, greed and peasant days in 19th century Russia. Tolstoy's eventful life impacted his works. Leo Nikolayevich Tolstoy was born into a family of aristocratic landowners in 1828 at the family estate at Yasnaya Polyan
Throughout the history of ancient Rome and Greece drama remained a reflection of the nature of their contemporary society. “The function of the poet is to imitate, through the media appropriate to the given art (drama), not particular historical events, characters, emotions, but the universal aspects of life impressed on his mind by observations of real life. It is closer to reality than the concrete situation, since the universal is truer than the particular.”–Aristotle. Aristotles poetics. Cha
Asian Philosophies of Critical Thinking EXTENDED ESSAYAsian Philosophies of Critical Thinking: divergent or convergent to western establishments? MAY 2003 AbstractThe research question of this extended essay came across at a very early stage in my life. Having been born and developed from a family with all its members being University instructors and professors, I was often involved in arguments related to the lack of critical thinking in Asian cultures. As I got older, having had the chance to
Biographical Preface English 12 4 April 1997 On July third of nineteen thirty seven, in Zlin, Czechoslovakia, a boy was born by the name of Tomas Straussler. Tomas was born onto Eugene Straussler and Martha Stoppard. Later in his life Tomas took his mother’s last name and shortened his first name to Tom. His father was a physician. When his father was killed by the Nazis the rest of the family fled to the far East. Tom went to school in Darjeeling, India. There his mother met a British officer w
Gender Trouble: Feminism and The Subversion of Identity A Review/Commentary of GenderTrouble: Feminism and The Subversion of Identity, By Judith Butler Gender, Homosexuality and Ethics Feb. 9/00 Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1990. Judith Butler exhibits the new wave of Anglo-American academic feminism, a feminism that goes beyond the delusional categories of male and female, and wishes to confuse or “trouble” these categories all to
1. Who was the Buddha? 1.1. Early Life of Luxury Siddharta Gautama, better known as the Buddha, was a prince of India who was born in Nepal and was heir to the thrown of the Sakya tribe of the Gautama clan. He was born, not for the first time, in 566BC. His first name means “goal reached and was commonly known as Gautama or Sakyamuni, the “wise man of the Sakya”. His father was told be a sage at Sakyamuni’s birth the “If he remains at home, the child will become a great King. If he leaves, he wi
Communism: Government 12 1/10/00 “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.” This is the principle that has guided Communism since the beginning of its existence. It creates a society where all people are economically equal and it breaks down social classes to mold one class of people that all share the same economic status. From different perspectives, it is the beign of an economy’s existence; from others, this philosophy is the solution to economic chaos. However,
“The Yellow Wall-Paper” ENC1102 September 11, 2001 In the early 1800’s women were given a subservient role in society. In marriage the husband could be viewed as the warden and the wife as the inmate. This left the woman to become dependent and therefore inferior. In “The Yellow Wall-Paper” the author Charlotte Gilman vividly writes the effects of oppression on women. The main character is suffering from mental depression because of the shackles her husband puts on her with his practical ideas o
Compare the philosophies towards life of Birling and the inspector. Which is shown to be the better. Describe the way in which the inspector builds his case. Birlings philosophy is clearly the one that is wrong and I will prove this further into the essay. He believes in looking after number one and 'who cares' about the rest of them. The Inspector makes it clear that he is the one that is correct because he believes that everyone needs everybody else's help to get on well with our lives. The in
Carl Marx and the Conflict Theory The bourgeoisie and proletariet have both similarities and differences in their emergence and development as a class. They both emerged out of a separate society and developed their own. The bourgeoisie grew out of the feudal society and the need to develop a modern industry. The proletarians grew out of the bourgeoisie society and their need for change and stability. They both need to have centralized power in order for each society to grow. The bourgeoisie has
Divine Justice Dante crafted his Commedia in such a manner as to encompass as many opposing yet intertwining disciplines as possible, thus allowing a variety of readers’ emotions to be aroused, while still pulling through his own beliefs shaped by his political experiences and belief in Christianity. Using his own established literary style, Dante explores the disciplines of theology, Christianity, paganism, ethics, philosophy, history, and art. He depicts a full array of life through each sinn
Jeffersonian Democracy to Jacksonian Democracy Among the several reasons why Jefferson’s vision for the nation (Jeffersonian Democracy) began to change towards a more egalitarian form of democracy, the more prominent reasons can be found by examining both the growth of the west and the Panic of 1819. Jeffersonian Democracy describes Thomas Jefferson’s philosophy regarding the application of democratic principles fit for the success of the newborn United States. Among the more important elements
An Exploration in Existentialism Kierkegaard once said that man is not his own creator in this world (Huxley 198). Manipulating this observation are two prominent writers and philosophers of the post-war era, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus. As authors of fictional works, Sartre and Camus exercise their power over the world of the characters in their respective novels Iron in the Soul and The Plague to express their views on existentialist themes. Although both are considered influential teach
Liberation Feminist Hermeneutics, as described By Elisabeth Schuessler Firoenza Hermeneutics Seminar February 29/00 Box #260 Table of Contents I. Introduction………………………………………………………………..p.3 A. An Historical Overview…………………………………………..p.3-4 B. An Overview of Feminist Hermeneutics………………………..p.4-5 VI. Presuppositions A. Introduction and Preface to the Hermeneutics of ……………..p.6 Elisabeth Schuessler Fiorenza B. Scripture: Mythical Archetype vs. Historical Prototype………p.6-8 C. Egalitarianism and Gender
The Brief History of French Cuisine 25 April 2001 French cuisine has been famous for centuries. It has been the international standard of taste, excellence and tradition. Even today, should there be a show on television of a book where a man takes a woman out on an incredible date, the are usually going to “Chez Pierre’s” or “Chez Francoise” or some other French cliché for a restaurant name. But aside from its magnificent taste, French cuisine is also the symbol for richness, extravagance and de
This Land is Our Land American Studies Period 3-5 April 2, 2001 Thomas Jefferson was a great man. He was the United State’s third president, writer of the Declaration of Independence, optimistic, intelligent, and fair. He valued equality, true labor, and the power of nature. Jefferson’s philosophy is repeatedly supported in John Steinbeck’s novel, The Grapes of Wrath. Like Jefferson, the characters in the novel believe in the symbolic value of land. Muley Graves, although kicked off his land by
A Comparison and Contrast of Juergen Habermas and Hans Georg Gadamer 20083747 History 104 Nov.19/01 The intellectual battle between the Gadamer-Hermeneutics school and the Habermas-critical theorists is well documented. Hermeneutics claiming a universal applicability stating, “being that can be understood is language[1],” and the critical theorist claiming a reflective reasoning process that goes beyond hermeneutics. The battle has been aptly stated in the rather public disagreements between Ha
Free Speech, Hate Speech, and Equality of Citizens Nov23/01 POLI SCI 101(A) On October 23, 1998, abortionist Dr. Barnett Slepian, was shot and killed by a sniper’s bullet. The sniper in question was part of the radical pro-life contingency in the United States. Bill Baird, another abortionist, had his own clinic fire bombed. When holding a news conference afterwards, he stated, “I fault publicly the Roman Catholic Church, the Right to Life people, and all anti-abortion forces who use the rhetor
Laissez-faire The industrial revolution changed the lives of the population drastically. It affected both the wealthier and the poorer sections of society, but in very different ways. The rich became richer through the success of manufacturing businesses, but the poor people were living in germ infested, crowded and very unhealthy conditions, much like their place of work. The streets were not cleaned or maintained and the health of the population suffered as a result. Working hours were long an
The Moral Philosophy of Thomas Hobbes (Leviathan) Moral Philosophy March 14/2001 Many consider Thomas Hobbes, as the father of analytic philosophy. His moral and political philosophy, survive to this day, as heavily influential. In chapter fifteen (Of Other Law of Nature), in his work Leviathan, Hobbes gives his own definition of what moral philosophy is: “For moral philosophy is nothing else but the science of what is good, and evil, in the conversation, and society of mankind.” (Hobbes 217, I
Ionics company Introduction Today, in the dawn of a new century and amid the information technology explosion, there are at least 400 million people living in countries experiencing water stress . by the year 2025 , this number is estimated to climb to three billion.While there is no denying the impact of the internet and global information age, we believe that there probably no issue more profound or underestimated – for humanity than that of water scarcity . with world population surpassing th
John Locke: An Historical Analysis of His Thought and Life Intro to Church History Dec. 10/99 Box #260 John Locke (1632-1704) is perhaps one of the most influential philosophers the world has ever seen. His writings became the basis of the eighteenth century enlightenment reason. Basil Willey describes Locke’s influence as such, “Locke stands at the end of the seventeenth century, and at the beginning of the eighteenth; his work is at once a summing-up of seventeenth century conclusions and the
Kant and Mill’s Theories Maritza Pelaez Philosophy 213 (Ethics) Spring 04, Section 1 Paper Assignment #1 Kant and Mill’s Theories In July of 1994, a disturbing case arose in regards to a man who murdered an abortion performing doctor. Paul J. Hill, a former Presbyterian minister, and later a strong activist in the pro-choicelife movementactivist, was prosecuted for shooting and killing, Dr. John Britton, an abortion performing doctor, and James Barrett, a clinic volunteer, James Barrett outside
Karl Marx “No other idea so enchanted the 20th century as Marxism.”[1] Karl Marx was the greatest philosopher and thinker of his time. His views on life and the social structure of his time have revolutionized the way in which people think. Throughout his travels and studies, Karl Marx developed many influential pieces of literature, one of which was the “Communist Manifesto”. Despite his upper-class position in society, Marx created an opportunity for the working-class to rise above the upper-c
Violence is as American as Cherry Pie Violence can be found in every facet of contemporary society, from the movies and television’s evening news to school violence. An act of violence can be as small as a threat, but nevertheless it is one of the most common aspects of life. Violence has existed as long as people have been on Earth. The first acts of violence were hunting. Hunting provided a food source before people learned how to cultivate the land. The focus of violence shifted from hunting
Martin Luther King The most important person to have made a significant change in the rights of Blacks was Martin Luther King. He had great courage and passion to defeat segregation and racism that existed in the United States, and it was his influence to all the Blacks to defy white supremacy and his belief in nonviolence that lead to the success of the Civil Rights movement. Martin Luther King was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia where the city suffered most of the racial discrimin
Mental Health Legislation In 1997 when the current Government was elected into power one of their aims was to tackle the inequalities that existed within health and social care. Since then we have seen the publication of many policy documents which planned the way forward for health care, particularly in the way that care is delivered. Modern and Dependable (DOH, 1997), set out ways for national improvement in healthcare. Modernising Mental health Services (DOH, 1998a), set out the way on which
The Metaethics of Ayn Rand and Objectivism Foundations of Ethics January 2001 Table of Contents o Introduction ……………………………………………….. p. 3-5 Early Ayn Rand …………………………………… p. 5-6 Literary Period ………………………….…………. p. 7-8 Philosophical Period ……………………………… p. 8-9 o Metaethics ………………………………………………… p.9-10 Existence as Primary …………..……....………… p. 10-11 Animate vs. Inanimate Objects ………………….. p. 11-13 Life and Value ………………….…………………. p. 13-14 Fact and Value: The Randian Synthesis ………... p. 15-17 The Rationa
Cultural Differences This paper outlines the differences in the cultures of the United States versus Asian Indian and Vietnamese cultures. I will look at these countries and make not only a comparison based on cultures, but also comparisons from a business perspective. Although there are many differences in general societies, some issues such as women in the workplace, and images in the media, stand across many borders. Using the United States as my comparison culture I will first discuss the cu
Patristic Attitudes Towards Homosexuality Patristic Thought and History September 20/2000 Perhaps the most volatile social issue the church has faced in recent memory, homosexuality and the issues it raises have confronted both the church and Western society. It has polarized the church and even political institutions, with fundamentalists and the Canadian Alliance political party taking a more conservative approach to homosexuality, and liberal denominations and liberal political parties, embr