Philosophy

The Catcher in the Rye creates an existentialist out of Holden Caulfield by giving him a strong personal opinion, a different sense of view, and isolation. Holden’s individuality and his different way of thinking creates within him an Existentialist that refuses to accept weakness but holds sympathy for the weak and vulnerable. The basis for these beliefs lies within the most commonly identifiable theme of existentialism, which states that the philosophy stresses the concrete individual existen
Dressed in the drab military uniform that symbolized the revolutionary government of Communist China, Mao Zedong's body still looked powerful, like an giant rock in a gushing river. An enormous red flag draped his coffin, like a red sail unfurled on a Chinese junk, illustrating the dualism of traditional China and the present Communist China that typified Mao. 1 A river of people flowed past while he lay in state during the second week of September 1976. Workers, peasants, soldiers and students
"A Man for All Seasons" Common Attitude "I'm breathing. Are you breathing too? It's nice, isn't it. It isn't difficult to keep alive, friends—just don't make trouble—or if you make trouble, make the sort of trouble that's expected. Well, I don't need to tell you that. Good night: If we should bump into one another, recognize me." (p. 94-95) The common man's words are true not only to the time of Thomas More, but as well throughout history. Many in the world today follow the same philosophy that
Brutus Brutus was a very important character in the play Julius Caesar written by William Shakespeare. He helped plan a plot against one of the most powerful people in Rome and killed the king to be. Brutus was well renowned for his deep thinking, his honor, and most importantly, his belief in stoicism. Brutus’s stoic qualities played a major role in his character. He trusted his wife Portia very much. In fact, he trusted her so much that he was even going to tell her about the plot against Cae
Before the Fall, Adam and Eve were perfect. They were innocent and ignorant, yet perfect, so they were allowed to abide in the presence of God. Once they partook of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, however, they immediately became unclean as well as mortal. In Billy Budd, the author, Herman Melville, presents a question that stems from this original sin of our first parents: Is it better to be innocent and ignorant, but good and righteous, or is it better to be experienced a
Self reliance in Emmersons view is to look upon the world and yourself, seeing the resources available to you and working with them in a fashion which makes you feel you are productive. Deeper than that it's a understanding of what your personal role is in the universe, and acceptance of that justifying it only to ones self. I don't believe one could be truly self reliant and selfish, because self reliance means an understanding of the world around you in order to be independent enough to find
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson, author of the Declaration of Independence and third President of the United States, was the nation's greatest champion of representative democracy and the rights of man. He was a philosopher, educator, naturalist, politician, scientist, architect, inventor, musician, and writer. His interests were boundless, and his accomplishments were great and varied. Through his writings and speeches, he communicated his brilliant ideas of independence, democracy, and phil
Duty or Desire Love is the essence of every human relationship. Love has different forms. One is the external love that one portrays due to the duty and the responsibilities. The other love is the love that one feels within not as a duty but as a desire. It is the love that comes from the heart in appreciation of the qualities for the person and not as an obligation. In most normal situations we would believe the true inner love to surpass the need of obligation. However in many situations when
The main purpose of this research paper is to de-scribe the transition of religion and superstition to science and technology during the Middle Ages. According to philosophy, the Middle Ages were di-vided into two distinct eras: The Age of Superstition and The Age of Enlightenment. These two periods were not separated by a definite date and time, but rather many years of gradual realization and awareness. This kind of perception is what creates history. For hundreds of years, people who lived d
The Greek culture had vast effects on the formation of every culture thereafter. Had Greek culture never existed the art styles, philosophies, literature, and governments of most of cultures that followed would have been extremely different. One of the major areas that Greek culture effected was philosophy. The Greeks were the first people to think in a systemic manner and categorize things according to logic and reasoning rather than emotion and faith. Many groups of thinkers developed in Gree
The Grapes of Wrath, a novel by John Steinbeck, exposes the desperate conditions under which the migratory farm families of America during the 1930's live under. The novel tells of the Joad family's migration west to California through the great economic depression of the 1930's. The tries and tribulations of the Joad family stretches to a greater concern for the family of man than for a selfish concern of themselves. The Joad family begins their westward journey in Oklahoma, a place where many
April 25, 1997 Dear Mr. Secretary General, In conducting research for an essay that I am writing on constructive approaches to the problems of war and peace, I read a short, but thought-provoking fable by an unknown author. I would like to share that story with you, as well as my idea as a possible solution for world peace. "Tell me the weight of a snowflake," a robin asked a wild dove. "Nothing more than nothing," was the answer. "In that case I must tell you a marvelous story," the robin said
Perhaps one of the most ambiguous creeds to develop concerning the United States is American exceptionalism, a largely controversial ideology both despised and revered by conflicting historians. Enticed by the presence of a mode of thought so unique to the United States, believers in this singular philosophy, such as Seymour Martin Lipset, a professor of public and political affairs, claims that America is "qualitatively different" in origin, individualism, patriotism, and optimism. History pro
Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a few main points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices you make should be made without the assistance of another person or standard. From the existentialist point of view you must accept the risk and responsibility of your choices and follow the commitment to wherever it leads. Someone that is put in a particular situation understands it far more than someone looking in on that same situation, one commonly used situation that appears ofte
Athens Athens has been around for 2,500 years. Athens is the capitol of Greece and largest city of Greece. Athens is on a small plain that lies southward to the Saronic Gulf, a branch of the Aegean Sea. Athens has an area of 427 sq./km. (165 sq./mi. ) and a population of 3,096,775. Athens is surrounded by mountains: Aigaleos to the west, Parnes to the north, Pentelikon to the northeast, and Hymettus to the east. All four of the mountains is made up of either marble or limestone. Athens has a ty
We think that we are all logical creatures, that we can attain truth by our logical reasoning, but historically, this has not been the case. Every scientific advance somehow “exemplifies the defective state of the art of reasoning of the time it was written.” (pg.62) Thus, we are not perfectly logical creatures, in fact, most of us are content with our beliefs without logical facts; and since we gain logical facts through experience, experience only serves to continuously frustrate our beliefs,
During the late 1800’s, two great revolutions occurred, the American Revolution and the French Revolution. These two historical events happened at the same time, but had a great number differences and very little similarity. When French Revolution occurred, it turned into a very violent and bloody event, while the American Revolution was almost nonviolent, aside from the war. In 1774, King Louis XVI made a decision that could have prevented the French Revolution by breathing new life into the F
C. Marius Savior.. or Destroyer? Warren Parker October 6th, 1998 Gaius Marius was the Janus-faced savior of Rome. On one hand his sweeping military reforms intensified Rome’s might at a crucial time, during the Jugurthine war, saving Rome from the steady advance of their Italian enemies. On the other, his no-frills military-minded personality drove him to push those away who could not socially accept this lower-upper class equestrian novus homo. He proved himself a most capable military leader,
Global Studies I 11/19/98 The Greeks have contributed to Western civilization with advancements in government and philosophy. One of the most commonly used governments in the world was from Athens. The Athenians ruled themselves with a type of government called a democracy. Right now the United States is governed by a democracy but there are a few differences. In Athens they were controlled by a direct democracy, which means all the free males voted on laws. In America we have a representative
Buddhism is a major religion, founded in northeastern India in AD 552. It is based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, who is known as the Buddha, or "Enlightened One." Buddha is the Indian philosopher and the founder of Buddhism, born in Kapilavastu, India. He was the son of the head of the Sakya warrior caste, in later life he was known also as Sakyamuni. All the surviving accounts of Buddha's life were written many years after his death by followers rather than by objective historians. T
For many centuries people are trying to understand their origins. They want to know how did they appear in this universe and what for. As they can not determine it using scientific approach or explain it in every day words they started making up different stories, creating religions and cults which are aimed to explain at least to some extent these problems and find answers to these questions. In reality these stories do not explain you anything but instead give you an impression of the true kn
From childhood and throughout a lifetime, we are told what we can and cannot do. But why can we not do some things? Often times, the answer is, “Because it’s wrong.” But what is wrong? How does one determine the difference between right and wrong? What it usually comes down to is what morals are directing the decision. Whether it is what an individual thinks to be right or wrong, or what a groups of lawmakers thinks it to be, generally all of our decisions on what is or is not permissible comes
Galileo Galileo was born near Pisa, on February 15, 1564. His father, Vincenzo Galilei, played an important role in the musical revolution from medieval polyphony to harmonic modulation. Galileo was taught by monks at Vallombrosa and then entered the University of Pisa in 1581 to study medicine. He soon turned to philosophy and mathematics, leaving the university without a degree in 1585. For a time, he tutored privately and wrote on hydrostatics and natural motions, but he did not publish them
WWI Never Ended by Scott Doane Southwestern Michigan College English 103 Fall 1997 Doane ii Outline Thesis statement: WWII could have been avoided if WWI had ended differently. I. Introduction A. Explanation of Title B. Thesis II. Body A. Events Leading To WWI 1. Nationalism 2. Imperialism 3. Dominos 4. U.S. Involvement B. Repercussions of the Treaty of Versailles 1. Germany 2. Political 3. Psychological 4. Economic C. Nazi Rise to Power 1. Hitler Comes to Power 2. Fall of German Republic D. Di
Science Report Armstrong, Neil Alden: American astronaut, born in 1930 in Wapakoneta, Ohio. He served as a pilot in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War. After graduating from Purdue University, he joined the National Aeronautics and Space Administration In 1966, Armstrong was command pilot of the Gemini 8 mission, which accomplished the first physical joining of two orbiting spacecraft. In July 1969, Armstrong, as commander of the Apollo 11 lunar mission, became the first person to set foot on
After the dust bowl, the Joad family, like so many other families, was devastated. Forced to leave their long-time home, the family left to find a new life. California was the destination of choice. After all, it was known as "the land of milk and honey." The victims of the dust bowl pictured California to be a haven where jobs were plenty, houses were big, and fruit was readily available. The dreams, hopes, and expectations the Joads bottled up for California were shattered by the reality of w
In the early 1800s, prisons were widely regarded as ineffective institutions. The Quakers, the kindly, war-hating, gentle, people, wanted to change this. Their primary goal was to create a prison that attempted to reform prisoners, rather than punish them. Following this mission statement, they constructed the Eastern State Penitentiary in the Fairmount section of Philadelphia. The Eastern State Penitentiary is the oldest of its kind in the United States. It closed its doors in the 1970s, and o
Of Mice & Men Essay Project Loneliness is a basic part of human life. In his novel, Of Mice and Men, John Steinbeck illustrates the loneliness of California ranch life in the early 1930’s and shows how people are driven to find friendship. George and Lennie would truly be lonely if they did not have each other. They consider each other family, even though they are so different. To George, Lennie is like a pet or a little brother, because George turns to him for friendship and someone to talk to
Ernest Hemingway once gave some advice to his fellow writer F. Scott Fitzgerald. If something in life hurts you, he said, you should use it in your writing. In A Farewell to Arms Hemingway followed his own advice. The painful experiences of his own life that, consciously and unconsciously, he placed in this novel help make it a major artistic achievement. The first of these experiences was a physical "hurt" that occurred on July 8, 1918. On this date, two weeks shy of his nineteenth birthday, H
"When we reflect on Nature, or the history of mankind, of our own intellectual activity, the first picture presented to us is an endless maze of relations and interactions, in which nothing remains what, where, and as it was, but everything moves, changes, comes into being and passes out of existence. This is primitive, naive, yet intrinsically correct conception of the world was that of Ancient Greek philosophy, and was first clearly formulated by Heraclitus: everything is and also is not, for
I read the book "Walden Two" by B.F. Skinner. It is about a utopian society, which is quite a controversial topic. The morality, or as some say, immorality is low, or high, depending on how one looks at it. Different people have different opinions on living in such a society; nobody is right, nobody is wrong. "Walden Two" begins with a student, Steve Rogers, and his friend, Roger Jamnik, visiting their college Philosophy teacher from about 5 years before. They had gotten many wild ideas while i
"Gothic" The new crave for teens by: Alan Tenney Introduction One Day Me and a lady friend were driving to Taco Bell. A friend of mine who is know gothic had been telling me of these underground parties called Raves. Well as we entered the parking lot. We noticed all these teenager dressed in black and drinking. There was loud music some of the girls were topless, is was really freaky looking. I immediately new what is was. Later that week Fox 11 did a special report on these parties and the pe
In the book, "Lord of the Flies" written by William Golding, we are given a glimpse at the inherent behavior of men. This behavior has a side so savage and so ferocious that it strips away the civilized rationale of man and bears resemblance to the distinctive, and raw emotional state of animals. Golding exposes this nature as one found not only in adults, but rather as one that also manifests itself in the youngest members of society; the children. Golding uses a group of young boys stranded o
LAWYER Today, more than ever before, the legal profession offers a unique opportunity for the dedicated individual to make a significant contribution to society. Opportunities exist in the legal profession for rewarding service to individuals and society. WHAT IS LAW? The main functions of modern law include: maintaining peace; influencing and enforcing standards of conduct; maintaining the status quo; facilitating orderly change; providing for maximum individual self-assertion; promoting justi
The Allegory of The Cave The Allegory of the Cave, like most things in philosophy, can be deciphered in many different ways. It basically says that people are chained to the wall of a cave and they have nothing to look at but shadows on the wall that are provided by another. This is all that they know and have never been out of the cave. That tells nothing on the surface, but once one looks really hard a few messages or meanings can be interpreted from the Allegory. The main point of the Allego
William S. Gee 9/29/98 Government 20 It is very rare that the hypothetical world of philosophy and the regulated, orderly world of politics unite. However, a great attempt at uniting these two distant fields took place during the founding of the United States of America. Whether successful or not, this grand, idealistic experiment was the most ambitious of not only its time, but of history. The American founding fathers united the enlightenment philosophies of freedom, justice and equality, wit
The Ku Klux Klan The Ku Klux Klan first originated in Pulaski, Tennessee shortly after the Civil War in the 1860's. They were comprised of a small group of confederate soldiers, lead by General Nathan Bedford Forrest. At first, they committed minor jokes and pranks for fun. It developed into a secret society that was in favor of returning to the pre-Civil War ideals of the south, including the enslavement of blacks. They were enraged when the black voting population assisted in electing republi
Death Penalty The death penalty is a very controversial issue in the United States today. The question is "Should people be put to death?" People agree and disagree over the issue for various reasons. I feel that people should be put to death for certain reasons. Naturally, we couldn't execute people for minor misdemeanors such as speeding, not paying a parking ticket, and skipping school. There has to be a set of laws that we as citizens follow in the US. However, that set of laws does include
Abstract As we know, Japan’s economy, situation, and condition was totally destroyed during the World War II. But surpassingly, Japan now become one of the powerful countries in the world especially in the economic in only took for less than fifty years. This the reason why I choose this topic. In this Paper we will look at how are the Japanese managing their company that is one of the key of their success in the business. Also I will comparing the Japanese way with what the western country way
Frankenstein and it's implications regarding Science and Nature From the opening pages of the book to its tragic conclusion, great care was taken by Mary Shelly to develop the characters of both Dr. Frankenstein and his monster creation. This careful construction of character creates the obvious contrast between the two main characters. Focus is immediately drawn to the huge differences between the monster and it's creator. Frankenstein's bright and insightful beginnings as a young student comp
Stressing The Importance of Male and Female Education Different people have different ideas and opinions as to whether it is more important to educate boys or girls. Some believe that the education of boys is more important than that of the girls, and meanwhile others disagree. In reality, the choice depends on what country, culture, or society we are talking about. In many nations including many Asian countries, tradition demands that men provide the family with income, food, clothing, etc., a
Hamlet's Delay Everyone contains a tinge of Hamlet in his feelings, wants,and worries, and proudly so, for Hamlet is not like the other tragic heroes of his period. He stands apart from other Shakespeare's heroes in his today much discussed innocence. Is this supposed tragic hero maybe an ideal hero - one without the tragic flaw, which has been a part of the formula for the tragedy since the Golden age of Greece?; is a question that has been the field for many literary critics' battles. The mai
Harvard’s Evolution from Theological to Liberal Education Harvard’s development over 350 years has been enormously rich and complex--full of interest for social and intellectual history, for the history of scholarship, science, pedagogy, and politics. We know something, statistically, about the social sources and destinies of the graduates over the existence, but little of the later generations. Harvard’s benefactors are no less interesting a group, and their contributors made all else possible
Marvell's Use of Sound in "To His Coy Mistress" At first glance, Andrew Marvel's poem "To His Coy Mistress" is a fairly typical carpe diem poem, in which the speaker tells his beloved that they should "seize the day" and have sex now instead of waiting until they are married. Today, the speaker's speech may seem sexist in its attitude toward women and irresponsible in its attitude toward the coy mistress (the speaker doesn't explain how he would seize the day if the woman became pregnant, for e
THE RENAISSANCE IN ITALY The "rebirth" of art in Italy was connected with the rediscovery of ancient philosophy, literature, science, and the evolution of empirical methods of study in these fields. Increased awareness of classical knowledge created a new resolve to learn by direct observation and study of the natural world. Consequently, secular themes became increasingly important to artists, and with the revived interest in antiquity came a new repertoire of subjects drawn from Greek and Rom
The following is a literal (probably too literal) translation of the timeline compiled by the staff of Shindosha, and published in Data Collections 2 through 6. Events subsequent to the end of Gundam ZZ are from Shindosha's earlier timelines in the Entertainment Bible series. Additionally, we've inserted a few events pertaining to Gundam F91 and Gundam Sentinel, listed in the Entertainment Bible timelines but not in the Data Collections published to date. UC 0001 With Earth's population at 9 bi
Booker T. And W.E.B. Two great leaders of the African American community in the late 19th and early 20th century were W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington. However they disagreed on strategies for African American social and economical progress. Their opposing philosophies can be found in much of today’s discussion over how to end class and racial injustice, what is the role of African American leadership, and what do the ‘haves’ owe the ‘have-nots’ in the African American community. Booker
Existentialism is a philosophy based upon an analysis of existance of the individual human being. Claiming human existance is not basically “describable or understandable in idealistic or scientific terms,” this philosophy has several major foci. These include the isolation of the individual, the belief that the world is inherently hostile, and the belief that no matter what one does everything will ultimately amount to nothing. In The Stranger’s portrayal of Mersault he is indeed the quintesse
“So it is,” implies Orwell, “and so it will always be: once a revolution is made and the leaders get into power, they will be corrupted.” George Orwell illustrates his point best through his “fairy story,” Animal Farm. Napoleon is a blueprint for all revolutions because he starts out professing the Old Major’s philosophy of Animalism, but turns to totalitarianism. First, Napoleon’s ban on the foundation of the Revolution, the song “Beasts of England,” represents the death of the Revolution and
Obligations II : Contract Law Using Examples (eg education, health, etc), critically analyse the role of contract principles in the provision of public sector services. Traditionally, there has been a distinction, in essence if not in entirety, between public sector bodies on one hand, and private firms on the other.Public service areas, for example schools, hospitals, and the utilities, were under the control of public bodies such as local government, and stayed at a distance from the sphere o