Steriods The controversial issue of steroid abuse is among the most popular of the controlled substance problems. Steroid usage in sports has many moral and ethical questions, but this has not always been the case. This situation with steroid is a case of sociocultural evolution as an adaptive process. This implies that a rational response has been created based on the social patterns concerning anabolic steroids. It also means that as the problem changed, the response to the problem also change
Does the Internet Bring Freedom? Will the Internet make the world more free? Some would answer with a resounding yes. Consider, for example, the views of John Perry Barlow of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, who has declared in his widely-circulated Declaration of Independence of Cyberspace (1996): Governments of the Industrial World, you weary giants of flesh and steel, I come from Cyberspace, the new home of Mind….I declare the global social space we are building to be naturally independent
Human Cloning is Wrong I bet many of you have seen Star Wars, Jurassic Park, Multiplicity, or many of the other movies that describe cloning. Most of what you see in these movies is false. What you don't know if that cloning could be dangerous, to the clone and to our society as a whole. It's unethical to have a human clone. What about identity? Humans are guaranteed the right to their own personality. What would happen if we overrode those rights by giving them someone else's genetic identity?
Discuss the issues of publishing pictures that have been altered using a computer. Picture and subject manipulations have been a part of photography since it was first invented. But because of computer technology, digital manipulations are relatively easy to accomplish, hard to detect and perhaps more alarming, alter the original image so that checking the authenticity of the picture is impossible. Some critics have predicted that in a few years, images -- whether still or moving -- will not be
Aristotle Aristotle was born in 384 BC and lived until 322 BC. He was a Greek philosopher and scientist, who shares with Plato being considered the most famous of ancient philosophers. He was born at Stagira, in Macedonia, the son of a physician to the royal court. When he was 17, he went to Athens to study at Plato's Academy. He stayed for about 20 years, as a student and then as a teacher. When Plato died in 347 BC, Aristotle moved to Assos, a city in Asia Minor, where a friend of his named H
Philosophy is a vast field. It examines and probes many different fields. Virtue, morality, immortality, death, and the difference between the psyche (soul) and the soma (body) are just a few of the many different topics which can be covered under the umbrella of philosophy. Philosophers are supposed to be experts on all these subjects. The have well thought out opinions, and they are very learned people. Among the most revered philosophers of all time was Socrates. Living around the 5th century
When one takes a look at the world in which he currently lives, he sees it as being normal since it is so slow in changing. When an historian looks at the present, he sees the effects of many events and many wise people. Benjamin Franklin is one of these people. His participation in so many different fields changed the world immensely. He was a noted politician as well as respected scholar. He was an important inventor and scientist. Particularly interesting is the impact on the scientific world
Essay Topic 2 Politics in the Gilded Age Daniel Thompson 739 Words Discuss Politics in the Gilded Age. Include major political events and issues, and the roles of the bloody shirt, corruption, patronage, and reform movements. The term Gilded Age was named for a Mark Twain book. It meant covered with gold, and was applied to this period as a whole. This was a period of corruption in sordid politics. The Republicans and Democrats didnt really have strong opposing beliefs during this period. The
Capital Punishment The use of capital punishment has been a permanent fixture in society since the earliest civilizations and continues to be used as a form of punishment in countries today. It has been used for various crimes ranging from the desertion of soldiers during wartime to the more heinous crimes of serial killers. However, the mere fact that this brutal form of punishment and revenge has been the policy of many nations in the past does not subsequently warrant its implementation in to
Thesis One: In principle a case can be made on moral grounds both supporting and opposing capital punishment. Thesis two: Concretely and in practice, compelling arguments against capital punishment can be made on the basis of its actual administration in our society. Two different cases can be made. One is based on justice and the nature of a moral community. This leads to a defense of capital punishment. The second is based on love and the nature of an ideal spiritual community. This leads to a
Taoism Throughout history, Taoism has been one of the most influential religions of Eastern culture. This is certainly one of the most unique of all religions. Many Taoists, in fact, do not even consider it a religion; and in many ways it is not. Taoists make no claim that the Tao exists.1 That is what essentially separates Taoism from the rest of the world religions: there is no heated debate or battle over Taoist doctrine; there have been no crusades to spread the religion. The very essence of
Communism In The U.S. Karl Marx, author of The Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital, was the originator of the political and economic theory of Scientific Socialism (modern Communism). Communism, by definition, is the complete control of major resources and the means of production by government, initially in the form of autocracy. In theory, under this system all would be equal; all would share in both work, according to their ability, and profit, according to need. According to Marx, the proleta
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton was an important element of the Women�s Rights Movement, but not many people know of her significance or contributions because she has been overshadowed by her long time associate and friend, Susan B. Anthony. However, I feel that she was a woman of great importance who was the driving force behind the 1848 Convention, played a leadership role in the women�s rights movement for the next fifty years, and in the words of Henry Thomas, �She was th
Thomas Edison Edison was born in the village of Milan, Ohio, on Feb. 11, 1847, and his family later moved to Port Huron, Mich. In his early life as a kid he played jokes on people and got into trouble. One time he set his father's barn on fire because he wanted to see what fire look like when it burned. His schooling was three months long because he quit when too many people made fun of him. At the age of seven his mother taught him, and he loved to read books. The book Schoool of Natural Philos
Paradise Lost John Milton divided the characters in his epic poem Paradise Lost into two sides, one side under God representing good, and the other side under Satan representing evil and sin. Milton first introduced the reader to the character Satan, the representative of all evil, and his allegiance of fallen angels that aided in his revolt against God (Milton 35). Only later did Milton introduce the reader to all powerful God, leader and creator of all mankind (John). This introduction of Sata
Plato Plato. By Michael McDaniel Plato was the best known of all the great Greek philosophers. Plato�s original name was Aristocles, but in his school days he was nicknamed Platon (meaning �broad�) because of his broad shoulders. Born in Athens circa B.C. 427, Plato saught out political status. But during the Athenian democracy, he did not activly embrace it. Plato devoted his life to Socrates, and became his disciple in B.C. 409. Plato was outraged when Socarates was executed by the Athen
Anselm�s Philosophy Anselm's definition of a God starts by saying that God is the greatest being we can possibly think of. When Anselm states this, it essentially means that it is not possible to think of a being greater than God. Anselm also states that if God is the greatest thinkable being, he is referring to the fact that it would be impossible to imagine or to create in ones mind someone or something being better than God. Therefore, it would be impossible to say that God only exists in o
Common Pagan Rituals And Beliefs Paganism is an ancient type of religion which has quite an inauspicious reputation today. There are many types of paganism, most date back thousands of years, which include Wicca, Witchcraft, Paganism, and a few other lesser known and practiced variations. Yet all of these religions are similar and share common beliefs. Wicca is the most common of these, as it also demonstrates the shared belief of doing good that is common to most forms of paganism. Another comm
Descartes, Leibniz, And Spinoza Erik Irre Modern Philosophy December 16, 1999 Paper 1, Section 2 If these great thinkers (Descartes, Spinoza, and Leibniz) were to discuss instead the soul�s connection to the body, what might each say (both on his own behalf and in response to the other)? Would they find any places where they might agree? If not, why not? (These are, after all, smart guys!) Though this sort of meeting would strike me as a debate with as furiously disparate and uncompromising id
Jackson's Disagreement Materialism is the belief that all things can be explained in physical terms or by science. Frank Jackson argues against this belief. Jackson�s philosophy is that not only are materialism false, but he also claims that consciousness is a subjective experience that can not be defined by any physical term or by science. The nonphysical experience known as qualia is Jackson�s explanation of consciousness. Qualia is the nonphysical feeling that can not be explained in phys
Matrix Epistemology is the nature of knowledge. Knowledge is important when considering what is reality and what is deception. The movie �The Matrix� displays a social deception in which Neo, the main character, is caught between what he thought was once reality and a whole new world that controls everything he thought was real. If I were Neo, I would not truly be able to know that I was in the matrix. However, it is rational to believe that I am in the matrix and will eventually enter back
Views Of Matter What exactly is matter, it is not an every day question that one asks one�s own self. When looked at there are many different views on this subject, however because of the numerous numbers of different views, it is only possible to look at three of the discourses. The three discourses of matter to be looked at are; the Religious, Scientific, and Philosophical. Each discourse has evolved through time into the views that we know, and accept today. The distinction between these vi
A Brief History Of Buddhism Buddhism is one of the major religions of the world. It was founded by Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha) in Northeastern India. It arose as a monastic movement during a time of Brahman tradition. Buddhism rejected important views of Hinduism. It did not recognize the validity of the Vedic Scriptures, nor the sacrificial cult which arose from it. It also questioned the authority of the priesthood. Also, the Buddhist movement was open to people of all castes, denying that a p
Aids AIDS - What's new ? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS toprevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions to stop the risk of getting the aids virus. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine or total celibacy. But too few people are getting the AIDS mess
Theory Of Evolution By Natural And Sexual Selection Introduction It is commonly thought today that the theory of evolution originated from Darwin in the nineteenth century. However, the idea that species mutate over time has been around for a long time in one form or another. Therefore, by Darwin�s time the idea that species change from one type into another was by no means new, but was rejected by most because the proponents of evolution could not come up with a satisfactory mechanism that wo
Plato`S The Republic Socrates' ideal city is described through Plato in his work The Republic, some questions pondered through the text could be; How is this an ideal city formed, and is justice in the city relative to that of the human soul? I believe Socrates found the true meaning of justice in the larger atmosphere of the city and applied that concept to the human soul. Socrates describes his idea of an ideal city as one that has all the necessary parts to function and to show that justice i
Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served as educators throughout history, fr
Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at Shadwell in Albemarle County, Virginia. His dad was a plantation owner that grew tobacco, and his mom belonged to the Randolph family they were rich. From his dad and from his soroundings he had a big intrest in botany, geology, cartography, and North American exploreation, and he liked Greek and Latin. He was also a musition that liked music and liked to play music. Thomas Jefferson liked to play the violin. His religion was Unitarian. As a studen
The novel Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck, illustrates the hardships of the common man in great detail. The one aspect of this book that displays life as it exists in the hostile real-world is the third chapter, in which the human plight is displayed by a turtle, and his struggle to reach the other side of a road. As the turtle is about to reach his goal, it is returned to it's original location, but it does not waver in it's determination, and continues across the road until it reaches the ot
A Study in Scarlet was written in 1887 by Sir Arthur Doyle. It was a mysterious case of love, murder, and revenge. Mr. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. John Watson used the science of deduction to solve this mysterious case and catch the killer. The first section of the book took place in 1878 in London, England. Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson shared an apartment together on 221b Baker street. The first murder was held in Lauriston Gardens. The second murder took place in Hallidays Private Hotel. The se
Robert Anson Heinlein Robert Anson Heinlein has been one of the most influential science fiction writers throughout history. Throughout his glorious career, Robert Heinlein has been an influential source of inspiration, and has shown the world his views on many important areas. His ideological presumptions have been a constant source of debate and controversy. This one man has changed the course of history through his writings repeatedly. Robert Heinlein was born in Butler, Missouri on July 7, 1
Future Involvement in Foreign Affairs Since the United States is one of the last remaining super powers of the world, we have the obligation to maintain and support good relations with the smaller and weaker nations throughout the world. We should take full advantage of this authority in several different ways. First the U.S. must focus on investing and trading with those nations who have yet to become economic powers; second, we must implement a consistent foreign policy towards the Middle East
FREEDOM The definition of freedom is "the power to act, speak, or think without externally imposed restraints." Living in the land of the free gives opportunity to the people to exercise free choice. In terms of education, it means allowing students to learn by intrinsic motivation. I believe that Herbert Kohl, the teacher in 36 Children, gave his students the opportunity to learn through this thing called "freedom" by allowing them to explore their curiosities, exploit their strengths and weakn
Theodore Roosevelt was more than just the 26th president of the United States. He was a writer, historian, explorer, big-game hunter, soldier, conservationist, ranchman and Nobel Peace Prize winner. It is not surprising that his philosophy of life was known as The Strenuous Life. Theodore was born into a wealthy and socially prominent New York family in 1858. Although blessed with a quick mind he was not blessed with a strong body. He suffered from life-threatening asthma attacks throughout his
While examining different religious paths within Hinduism from the perspective of four patterns of transcendence (ancestral, cultural, mythical and experiential) it is interesting to see how each pattern found its dominance over four segments of Hinduism: Vedic sacrifice, the way of action, the way of devotion and the way of knowledge. When Hinduism originated as a religion it was mainly concerned with sacrifices for ancestors. The sacred texts - called the Vedas - on which Hinduism was based we
Roger Bacon was an English monk as well as a member of the Franciscans order. he was educated in Oxford Paris, and taught Philosophy for seven years in Paris. He was known to some as Doctor mirabilis, the wonderful doctor; to other as Friar Bacon; and still to others as a necromancer, Bacon was respected for the powers he presumably possessed. Most of what is known about Bacon comes from autobiographical references in his own writings. After his teaching he went to Oxford, where he was influence
The airline industry has been subject of intense price competition since it was deregulated, and the result has been a number of new carriers which specialize in regional service and no-frills operations. These carriers typically purchase older aircraft and often operate outside the industry-wide computerized reservations system. In exchange for these inconveniences, passengers receive low fares relative to the industry as a whole. This research examines two low fare air carriers, ValuJet and So
AIDS - What's new ? ------------------- Is the message getting through? We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine or total celibacy. But too few people are heeding the AIDS message. Perhaps many simply don't like or want to
AIDS: A U.S.- Made Monster? PREFACE In an extensive article in the Summer-Autumn 1990 issue of "Top Secret", Prof J. Segal and Dr. L. Segal outline their theory that AIDS is a man-made disease, originating at Pentagon bacteriological warfare labs at Fort Detrick, Maryland. "Top Secret" is the international edition of the German magazine Geheim and is considered by many to be a sister publication to the American Covert Action Information Bulletin (CAIB). In fact, Top Secret carries the Naming Nam
Anselm’s Philosophy - Sophomore Paper Anselm=s definition of AGod@ starts by saying that God is the greatest being we can possibly think of. When Anselm states this, it essentially means that it is not possible to think of a being greater than God. Anselm also states that if God is the greatest thinkable being, he is referring to the fact that it would be impossible to imagine or to create in ones mind someone or something being better than God. Therefore, it would be impossible to say that God
I try and govern my life by this simple saying, live in the present, learn from the past and plan for the future. Enjoy the company of family as it is now, think about the moral codes that were set forth eons ago, and gain wisdom and knowledge from your future experiences. The statement above being a smiple version of my life philosophy, will be elaborated in the following paragraphs, although still not to its full extent. The world has many different views on morals. Strangely enough everyone t
“Transcendentalism: a philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual over the empirical”(Webster’s dictionary, 1993) The impact the transcendental movement had on American literature cannot be underestimated. “Reawakening an interest in the great problems of human nature and destiny,” authors such as Emerson, Alcott and Brownson, for example, forced the transcendental movement into the path of Henry David Thoreau. (Spiller, 346) As a self proclaimed “mystic, a transcendentalist, and a natur
Werner Heisenberg and the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Werner Heisenberg, born in the dawn of the twentieth century became one of its greatest physicists; he is also among its most controversial. While still in his early twenties, he was among the handful of bright, young men who created quantum mechanics, the basic physics of the atom, and he became a leader of nuclear physics and elementary particle research. He is best known for his uncertainty principle, a component of the so-called Cope
Francis Bacon was the founder of the modern scientific method. The focus on the new scientific method is on orderly experimentation. For Bacon, experiments that produce results are important. Bacon pointed out the need for clear and accurate thinking, showing that any mastery of the world in which man lives was dependent upon careful understanding. This understanding is based solely yyon the facts of this world and not as the ancients held it in ancient philosophy. This new modern science provid
Barry Sanders My article that I choice was about one of the most interesting sports player’s of our time. Barry Sanders arguably the best back ever to play the game of football. Barry is not one of those players who is just out there to make money, no he loves the game and is always trying his hardest when he is out there. In my paper there is allot interest information about Barry that not every one knows about him. Barry Sanders was born July 16th, 1968 in Wichita, Kansas. He grew up in a fami
Book One I was a son to my father... And he taught me and said to me, "Let your heart hold fast my words...." -Proverbs Chapter 1 Setting: Brooklyn (during depression), Reuven's baseball field Characters: Reuven Malter, Danny Saunders, Mr. Galanter Summary: Reuven's school has a baseball game against Danny's. Reuven does not have a good first impression of Danny. When Danny has a short talk with Reuven he insults his team and then and there a small war is started between the two teams. When the
A Discussion on the Myth and Failure of Reconstruction Following the Civil War, and How This Failure Impacted and Changed America Then And Now Reconstruction . . . "Spell the word one way, with a small r , and it has a good American purposefulness; for it means a putting together, a rebuilding, a rehabilitation. Spell it another way, with a capital R , and it becomes for many a malediction; and for others an almost forgotten, unreached, and needful goal; and for still others a vaguely unclean me
Sigmund Freud's views continue to influence the contemporary practices of many psychologists today. Many theories of psychology have been influenced by Freud's psychoanalytic method. Many of his basic concepts are still used by many theorists. Known as the "father of psychology," Freud's ideas toward the science will be remembered, studied and utilized by many psychologists for years to come. In this paper I am going to discuss the life of Freud, his ideas toward the science, and his book, A Ge
Greek and Roman Influences on Modern Society The Greeks were the first to question the world, and to believe they could understand it. They were the first to study science and philosophy, and carried them quite far. The Romans are credited with much of what we know about law, and even the Constitution was based on their ideas. Democritus is one of the most important Greeks with his Atomic Theory. He believed that all things are made up of atoms and the void. We found that he made some mistakes i
PART ONE CONTENTS --------------------3 SELFREALISATION AND DIRECTION FOR THE ADOLESCENT PART TWO CONTENTS ---------------------59 MANIFESTATIONS OF AWARENESS PART THREE CONTENTS -----------------104 PHILOSOPHICAL CONTENTS PART ONE. BOLD = MAIN TITLES. REGULAR = SUB TITLES. ----------------------------------------------------------------PAGE FORWARD -----------------------------------------------------4 INTELLECTUALITY -----------------------------------------8 DEDICATION ----------------------