Black History

Barbarossa, Soviet Covering Forces and the Initial Period of War: Military History and Airland Battle The issues surrounding the German attack upon the Soviet Union in June 1941 continue to attract the attention of historians and military analysts. The nature of the Soviet response to that attack has, as recent articles in Air University Review suggest, set off heated polemics. The appearance of Bryan Fugate's Operation Barbarossa with its assertion that the Soviet High Command did, indeed, have
BAYARD RUSTIN THE UNKNOWN LEADER Ì Ethnic Groups and Other Minorities SOC-304 12/13/2004 ABSTRACT A master strategist and tireless activist, Bayard Rustin should be best remembered as the one of the main organizers’ of the 1963 March on Washington one of the largest nonviolent protests ever held in the United States. He brought Gandhi’s protest techniques to the American civil rights movement, and helped mold Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. into an international symbol of peace and nonviolence. Des
The Black Death HST 102 The Bubonic Plague, more commonly referred to as the Black Death, ravaged Europe between the years 1347 and 1350. During this short period, 25 million people, one third of Europe's population at the time, were killed. Thousands of people died each week and dead bodies littered the streets. Once a family member had contracted the disease, the entire household was doomed to die. Parents abandoned their children, and parent-less children roamed the streets in search for food
CAJUN AND CREOLE CUISINE Cajun and Creole cooking are recognized as part of the best America’s oldest and richest regional cuisines. These cultures have their history dating back 300 years ago. The roots of these styles came from the European cuisine, French, German and Spanish, and also from the African people. Cajun country, also called Acadiana, runs 300 miles aprox. from the marshes of the Gulf coast to Texas and includes the inland prairies, accounting for almost one-third of Louisiana. Th
Chapter 41: “The Stormy Sixties” ~ 1960 – 1968 ~ I. Kennedy’s “New Frontier” Spirit 1. In 1960, young, energetic John F. Kennedy was elected to president of the United States—the youngest man ever elected to that office. 2. The 1960s would bring a sexual revolution, a civil rights revolutions, the emergence of a “youth culture,” a devastating war in Vietnam, and the beginnings of a feminist revolution. 3. JFK delivered a stirring inaugural address, and he also assembled a very young cabinet, inc
Civil Rights Timeline: Jan. 15, 1929 - Dec. 21, 1956Jan. 15, 1929 - Dr. King is born - Born on Jan. 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Ga., he was the second of three children of the Rev. Michael (later Martin) and Alberta Williams King. Sept. 1, 1954 - Dr. King becomes pastor - In 1954, King accepted his first pastorate--the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Ala. He and his wife, Coretta Scott King, whom he had met and married (June 1953) while at Boston University. Dec. 1, 1955 - Rosa Parks defie
COLORED TROOPS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY UNITED STATES COLORED TROOPS Before Fort Sumter, South Carolina was fired upon on April 12, 1861, seven states in the deep south had seceded from the Union, and a Convention was held in Montgomery, Alabama which adopted a Constitution and elected Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederate States of America. Shortly thereafter, four more states seceded, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. Slave states remaining in the Union were Missouri
British National Identity PS: The Lion and The Unicorn is available at Orwell is a committed socialist. He went to Spain at the end of 1936, to write newspaper articles on the Spanish Civil War. The conflict in Spain was between the communist, socialist Republic, and General Franco’s Fascist military rebellion. He was astonished by the atmosphere in Spain: class distinctions did not exist there and everyone wa
Social Issues Many people forget about the past and not know about our history. Many issues went on in the past that should be recognized. We have had many heroes that people should be grateful to because thanks to them we have rights and freedom now. In the 1950s there were several movements by strong people. This is a research about large movements that started to fight injustices that affected people of color. Some of the most known movements are the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Another event of t
Failure of Reconstruction of African Americans After the Civil War, the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments brought great hope for change in the South. For over 10 years gains were made. Reconstruction officially abolished slavery in all areas of the United States; gave citizenship to African American and federal and states laws applied equality to blacks and whites; and gave blacks the right to vote. However, as quickly as these gains had come, blacks were being surrounded by many hostile whites,
Final History Exam 1.List the reasons the US got involved in World War I: The Germans ignored Wilsons calls for peace, resumed unrestricted submarine warfare, announcing that their U-boats would sink all ships in British waters - hostile or neutral - on sight. Then the German foreign minister sent a telegram, nicknamed the Zimmermann note to the German ambassador in Mexico. This telegram proposed an alliance between Mexico Germany promised that if the war with the US broke out, Germany would sup
Final Paper The expansion of Europe during the 19th century is said to be difficult to analyze and explain conevingly because it was unplanned and chaotic. Modern Europe was constructed in the nineteenth century. Moreover, most of the social, economic, and political forces unleashed from 1815 to 1914 are the same ones that shape our own time. Urbanization, mass entertainment, industrial capitalism, modern liberalism, socialism, and nationalism all developed in the 19th century. Following the Fi
Global Warming Mission Plan a. Analysis of the Problem 1. History of the Problem Some scientist's have been concerned since 1896 about what might happen if there were 5.5 billion tons carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. In 1961 a British scientist did an experiment showing that the carbon in the air was absorbing some of the sun's radiation. Afterward a Swedish scientist, Suante Arrhenius, found out if the radiation of the sun was trapped in the carbon dioxide the temperature of the earth would in
Civil War History Notes HISTORY 311 NOTES – SEPTEMBER 24th until OCTOBER 24th HIS 311 SEPT 24 -1861- Civil War begins -Nov.-dec TRENT incident -1862-64- Alabama depredations -Oct.-St. Alban's rd. -1865- Reciprocity Tr. denounced -1866- Fenian Invasion -sub themes -public opinion foreign policy -xtrnl coincide w/ intrnl issues -colonies and their costs COMPARISON OF CAN AND US -Can and US are parallel -major events, trade are shared -civil society devl'p same way -culture is same exc. QUE, Louisi
History of the Dominican Republic Paintings by John Lewis, a locally well known Dominican painter whom commissiond to draw snapshots of the Dominican history. For at least 5,000 years before Christopher Columbus discovered America for the Europeans, the island which he called Hispaniola was inhabited by Amer-Indians. Anthropologists have traced 2 major waves of immigration, one from the West in Central America (probably Yucatan) and the second from the South, descendant of the Ara
The History of Tennis Tennis players are better conditioned and far stronger than they were 20 or 30 years ago. But the athletes have changed far less than the racket technology. Compared to today's composite frames and Kevlar strings, rackets made of wood or the metal T2000 (popularized by Jimmy Connors) look like they should hang in a natural history museum. Modern rackets are significantly bigger and stronger than old models, yet weigh half as much. No wonder a former technical director of th
Hitler – The Rise to Power · The German Workers' Party · After the war Hitler stayed on in the army. · He was told to spy on the German Workers' Party, a small right wing party that met in Munich. · The leader was Anton Dexler. · He joined the party, becoming its leader soon afterwards, and renaming it the NSDAP. · Its main ideas were hatred of Communists, Jews and the Treaty of Versailles. · They saw these ideas as nationalistic. The Nazi Party The Nazi Party (still under Drexler as leader) pub
Mother of the Western Languages History Language has been a medium, since the dawn of time, in which man has communicated in. This essential tool to express emotions, feelings, and ideas has served humans to achieve remarkable feats no other living creature has yet been able to accomplish. But many wonder how did language come about? Why do the languages of Europe seem similar yet different? In this essay I shall briefly explain the origins of most languages of Europe and how they have evolved
Document-Based Question: Industrial Revolution There were many problems that came with the growth of industry in England. Cities were expanded, but they became even more overcrowded and dirty. The factories employed workers, who were doomed to work in terrifying conditions for little pay until their death. The reactions to these conditions once they were exposed varied from horror to blind optimism. Cities had always been crowded and filthy. The Industrial Revolution only made conditions worse.
Jan Matzeliger ROUGH DRAFT Have you ever wondered about the history behind those things that protect our feet, Uhm yes shoes. Jan Matzeliger invented a she lasting machine which changed the world by giving people somthing to protect their feet with, making mass production of shoes possible, and making it possible for ordinary citizens to purchase shoes. Jan Matzeliger was born in Paramaribo [Dutch Guiana] South Africa on September 15, 1852. His father was a Dutch engineer who married a native Bl
Review for Jazz History Midterm exam- October 2003 2 Forms of Jazz 1.) 12 Bar Blues= number of choruses 2.) 32 Bar AABA song four =32 3.) Ways Jazz is unique I. Jazz Sound Interpretation II. Improvisation III. Swing feel a.) constant tempo b.) cohesive group sound c.) rhythmic lilt d.) spirit Jazz is the blending of African European culture 1.) Field hollers- blending tones Ol Hannah - Doc Reese 2.) Work sons- emphasis on rhythm meter- Julina Johnson -Lead Belly 3.) Spiritual- Dry Bones - gospel
John F. Kennedy John F. Kennedy was amongst the most respected, loved, and remembered American Presidents of all time, and it is fair to say that no President has ever had a life and career which attracts such a huge fascination as that of John F Kennedy[1], and thus his assassination was amongst the most mourned internationally in history. So much so was his popularity, that he was often favourably compared with that of the late Pope John XXIII, who is considered one of the greatest world leade
How reliable is this film (source E) as a representation of the assassination of J.F.K? Oliver Stone is very strongly Pro-Kennedy, who believes that American and World History would have been improved if Kennedy had lived. Stone wants to persuade the audience that the American government is corrupt and that they are behind Kennedy’s death. He believes that they were behind the conspiracy that was used to cover up the truth. This is why he portrays Linden Johnson in a bad light, for example casti
Malcolm X Malcolm X is a powerful voice in American history. In his short lifetime he went through several significant shifts in his lifestyle and philosophy. The hardships that Malcolm endures as a child led to his fascination with life in the fast lane, where he used his wits as a hustler and thief. black militant leader who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s Malcolm X, a civil rights leader in the 1960's believed that blacks and whites should be segreg
Minorities in the United States Some may say that the United States of America is a white man’s country, and minorities had nothing to do with the development, and settlement of this nation. As well as some African Americans would debate that World War II was nothing but a white man’s war. I beg to differ in that opinion. In that war, African Americans proved that WWII was more than a white man’s battle; it was a way to demonstrate to the world that African Americans will no longer sit and obey
The Black Panther Party for Self  Defense: Huey P. Newton an Bobby Seale 8April03 History 204 In 1964, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent methods of attempting to attain change for american Blacks through leadership. Nonviolence had achieved success with the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Segregation and the barriers set up for american Blacks to keep them from voting were seemingly easier to overcome than were the issues
Poverty Poverty is a wide spread problem that is present everywhere in the world. The effect of it is quite the same everywhere. However, even though some countries have the resources to eliminate poverty, most do not choose to do so. For example, the U.S. ignores poverty at home, while spends 50 billion dollars to fight the war in Iraq as given in War Resistance League website ( The question of poverty was discussed in books by U. Sinclair, R. Cohen and
Prohibition: The Legislation of Morality During the 1800's and early 1900's through out the United States there was a movement for the end of alcohol. The sole aim and purpose of this body was to stamp out the evils of alcohol. This movement, most commonly called Prohibition, mixed the morals of Christianity and the politics of government. Prohibition did succeed with the ratification of the 18th was, however, a great mistake. This amendment made the common man a criminal, lowered the confidence
Reconstruction Perspectives on History 1/4/03 Chapter 2 The civil war is over; the Union army defeats the militant, defiant Confederacy. Our agenda at this time was to embrace the citizens of the south back into our country, the way it was before the war. Even though the northern forces won, they felt obligated to rebuild what has been destroyed physically, economically and culturally. Reprobation’s came though in what is called reconstruction. Northerners could send money to finance their econo
Report on World War I Table of contentsPage 0: introduction Page 1: years leading up to the war:1850-1914Page 2:causes of warPage 3:war breaks outPage 3:Land warfare, war plansPage 4:land warfare,1914Page 8:Land warfare,1915Page 10:land warfare,1916Page 12:land warfare,1917Page 15:land warfare,1918Page 21:naval warfare, war plansPage 22: naval warfare, generalPage 23:air warfare, generalPage 23:endingPage 24:references Chapter 1: introduction August 2nd, 1914: Europe was darkened by the horrible
Samurai Tradition in Japan prizes grace, tranquillity and harmony with nature. But tradition also celebrates the fierce warrior of Japan; the samurai. Sometimes wandering alone, more often fighting in Japans complex civil wars, the samurai may have been history's most effective and terrifying warriors. Legends, movies, popular fiction, books in Japan and all over the world picks the samurai as the most lethal swordsman that has ever lived. Was he that lethal? Yes. Was it pure technique, mere mas
Slavery U.S History The warm climate, boundless fields of fertile soil, long growing seasons, and numerous waterways provided favorable conditions for farming plantations in the South (Foster). The richness of the South depended on the productivity of the plantations (Katz 3-5). With the invention of the cotton gin, expansion of the country occurred. This called for the spread of slavery (Foster). Their white owners controlled slaves, owned by one in four families, from birth to death. Black me
Slavery and Politics The moral truth of slavery as an unspeakable crime against humanity, I feel, is the most evident of any decree ever to be laid out by man. This fundamental law is so divine and pure that to believe otherwise is to cast oneself into the ranks of a subhuman race unfit to tread the Earth’s soil. When I read James De Bow’s “Slavery and the Bible,” not only am I frustrated as to how these Southern “gentlemen” can use a three thousand year old book, a book whose writers merely try
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON Elizabeth Cady Stanton lived from 1815-1902. She was among the nineteenth century's most dominant women who fought for social equality of women. In 1848, she and others, including the well-known Susan B. Anthony, organized the first national woman's rights convention in Seneca Falls, New York. Stanton always stated that, as men's equals, women of all races should be treated as such in law and in political participation. Stanton also explored how true equality would transfo
ADOLPH HITLER Adolph Hitler was a highly powerful, political and charismatic man who rose to power in Germany during the late 1920’s at a time of social, political and economic upheaval. In fact, Hitler is said to be one of the rare individuals who, without him, history would have been very different. His rule over Germany from 1934 to his death in 1945, resulted in a fascist regime, the outbreak of World War II, the destruction of the German nation-state and its society and the extermination of
African Americans Throughout 1917-1945 The history of the struggle of blacks to gain equality and freedom in America is a disturbing, grievous story, that reveals the courage and determination of the black community. In the period, 1917-1945, African Americans were concerned with achieving equality under the law. They however, fell victim to harsh discrimination from the whites. Many events such as the ‘great migration’, the ‘Black Renaissance’, black political movements, and the Great Depressio
General Summary- The Great Depression The Great Depression lasted from October 24, 1929 until the economic recovery of the 1940s. On October 29, Black Thursday, the stock market crashed heavily, and continued to fall sharply throughout the coming weeks. As a result, the United States and the world were thrown into a decade of poverty and unemployment. The depression affected all sectors of the economy. Farm owners and agricultural workers suffered from falling crop prices. Businesses failed from
The History of the Midwife Final Paper: The History of the Midwife Modern History There are Biblical references to Midwives dating back to as early as 2000 BC. Throughout history, midwives as independent practitioners are identified as the guardians of normal childbirth. Their knowledge of women’s health has been seen as mystical, having power over nature and concerned with matters not understood by men. According to The Encyclopedia Britannica, “The profession of midwife must be one of the olde
The Peasant’s Revolt - History Homework WHY WAS THERE A REVOLT? Peasants rebelled in 1381 because they hated the laws, and because they despised the Statute of Labourers. The villeins believed that the Statute had been devised to take away the freedom they had acquired after the Black Death. They also detested the new tax. Even more so, they hated the laws banning them from moving without the local lord’s permission. But the thing they hated the most were their strenuous duties on the farm. They
To what extent was Alexander II a Tsar liberator? Alexander II did introduce a number of reforms, which were quite revolutionary for that period of time. Many historians therefore believe that Alexander II deserves the title ‘Tsar Liberator’. Views of Alexander II do, however, differ to a great extent, When regarding Alexander II Saunders says “his enthusiasm for change lasted a mere four years, it may be that his reputation as the ‘Tsar liberator’ is ill deserved“ 1this strongly suggests that A
Reconstruction: Success or Failure? February 25, 2004 U.S. History Period 4 After the Civil War the United States was at a difficult point in its history. There were many controversial issues that were yet to be resolved, and many people with a number of different opinions on how things should be settled. Due to this, the nation was forced into a period of reconstruction to help shape the country as a whole, and work to settle problems that remained unresolved. The Reconstruction Period followin
President of the United States On May 9, 1917 the US Government formed the United State’s Food Administration in efforts to create a body of workers and volunteers that would help mobilize the conservation effort through out the country. At its head was Herbert Hoover who was given the task of making sure the public consumed less food in order to supply the allies and the troops oversees. As part of their efforts, the women of the country were called upon to complete this undertaking. Under the
The Death Penalty in the United States The death penalty is a controversial topic in the United States today and has been for a number of years. The death penalty is currently legal in 38 states and two federal jurisdictions (Winters 97). The death penalty statutes were overturned and then reinstated in the United States during the 1970's due to questions concerning its fairness (Flanders 50). The death penalty began to be reinstated slowly, but the rate of executions has increased during the 19
The First Amendment The First Amendment states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion.” Justice Hugo Black believed that the First Amendment requires the state to remain neutral in its relationship with religious believers. I disagree with Justice Black’s interpretation of the First Amendment. The First Amendment states that Congress can make no law establishing a religion. It does not say that the state may not favor a religion or it’s general philosophy. We, after
The Law making process is never affected by moral panics. Therefore as lawyers we need not take account of them. Module tittle: Law 101- Legal Method Introduction Moral Panics is not a new concept, neither are they something that’s been only taking place in the last decade. However moral panics seem to be occurring on a regular basis in last the decade heading towards the 21st century. In this essay I will be looking at how moral panics and how they have affected the Law making process, I will t
A Bomb The creation of the Atomic bomb was one of the most profound military, as well as technological achievements of the twentieth century. Nuclear technology has made it possible to have dependable electricity in our, as well as many other countries. It also acts as a war deterrent in some ways, this is so because no one wants the world breaking out in Nuclear war fare. It would surely bring an end to man kind as we know it. In this essay I am going to give a history of the Atomic Bomb, while
Affirmative Action Misconstrued There is much controversy about Affirmative Action and whether or not there is still a need for these policies to exist in today’s United States society. For one to make a decision on where they stand on this issue it is imperative to look over the history, facts, and issues at hand. When looking over this information I would have to conclude that I support affirmative action. According to Marquita Sykes from the National Organization of Women, August, 1995 newsl
Beloved Beloved is a novel which is both surrealistic and realistic. Although it depicts haunted houses and people returned from the dead, it also vividly and believably portrays life as a slave, and as an ex-slave, recounting the story of a free black who is never really free from anything--especially her past. The main storyline recounts the life and trials of Sethe, an escaped slave who is haunted by the horrors of her past, by the ghost of her murdered daughter, and the murder which she hers
Brief History of the English Language OLD ENGLISH UNTIL 1066. A BRIEF HISTORY OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE Old English (500-1100 AD) Old English Words The Angles came from an angle-shaped land area in contemporary Germany. Their name Angli from the Latin and commonly-spoken, pre-5th Century German mutated into the Old English Engle . Later, Engle changed to Angel-cyn meaning Angle-race by A.D. 1000, changing to Engla-land . Some Old English words which have survived intact include: feet, geese, teeth, me
Vocabulario Español-Inglés – Vocabulary Spanish-English Spanish 5th Period Pre-Chapter: o la clase (de español) –Spanish class o el/la estudiante – student o el professor, la profesora – professor o el señor – Mr./sir o la señora – Mrs./ma’am o la señorita – Miss./ma’am o y – and o tú – you (casual) o usted – you (formal) o bien – well/good/fine o muy – very o no – no o sí- yes o adios – bye o así, así – so-so o buenas noches – good night o buenas tardes – good afternoon o buenos dias – good mor