Black History

The presidential canvas of 1876 was, at best, a gross miscarriage of justice. It saw Rutherford B. Hayes, Republican, and Samuel J. Tilden, Democrat, square off in one of our nations most controversial and contested elections. J.S. Black wrote to the Electoral Commission of 1877, "The refuge of lies shall be swept away, and the hiding place of falsehood shall be uncovered." (A.M. Gibson, 1885) expressing his view of what history has shown to be the greatest theft of power this nation has ever k
Comparative Analysis of Booker T. Washington and Nat Love During the period of Reconstruction directly following the Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation, there existed an aura of optimism and wishful thinking about the future of race relations in the United States. Many white people felt that the freed slaves and white America working together as freed men would only help the United States prosper as a country. In turn, many of these well wishers aided the cause of African Americans to
CHAPTER 1 - In the opening paragraph, Huck introduces himself to us as the narrator of the story. He talks to us in a relaxed, matter-of-fact tone that makes him sound friendly, honest, and maybe a little less respectful than he should be. He does, after all, come close to calling Mark Twain a liar. Try to imagine Twain writing that paragraph, in which he has a fictional character accuse him of "stretching the truth" in an earlier book. Twain seems to be sharing a joke with you, the reader, but
Genital Herpes Herpesviruses have been waging a war against man and winning. The herpesvirus family is but one of hundreds of viral families that people deal with for most of their lives. The influenza viruses, for example, cause the illness known as "the flu," while rhinoviruses are responsible for causing the common cold. Both of these viral families have dozens of viral strains that have similar traits, but are still very unique individuals. Herpesviruses are no different and probably cause
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, women felt discriminated against by men and by most of society. Men generally held discriminatory and stereotypical views of women, which made many women dissatisfied with their lives and made them, feel their lives were unfulfilled and spinning out of control. Discrimination spurred women to take action. Women began to revolt, they began expressing the feelings they had bottled up inside all along. Kate Chopin wrote The Awakening, which helped other women to
JOHN HOWARD GRIFFIN: MAKING THE CHOICE TO MAKE HISTORY Trina Edwards English 1106 Professor Carl Bean November 3, 1998 Being black and in the South in 1959 could only be described as hopeless frustration. Absolute and unbending segregation plagued the South (Branch, pp. 272-311; Williams, pp. 37-90). At this time, the Civil Rights Movement was well under way (Branch, p. 272). Leaders of The Movement such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Malcolm X, and Rosa Parks became, and still are, household
The slaying of thousands, the conquering of states, and the destruction of land were all results of slavery. Back in the twentieth century slavery was a very big issue. Even after slavery was proclaimed “illegal” there was still segregation. One Man by the name of C. Vann Woodward, wrote a book about segregation and the Jim Crow laws. The book is titled The Strange Career of Jim Crow. Jim Crow was a black character in a song-and-dance routine in 1820. The song was called “Jump Jim Crow” and was
It was an event that changed everything in Medieval Europe. There was virtually no aspect of Medieval society that was not affected by the arrival of the plague in Europe. The lack of adequate knowledge or a significant response lead to the death of millions of people. With the loss of a significant portion of the populations of Europe there was also a distinct shift in society away from the ideas and views of the past. Organized religion suffered a great blow as the plague ravaged the clergy a
Tornadoes On May 30, 1879, Irving, Kansas experienced one of the most violent storms ever, in history, to cross the state. The horror from this tornado was one of the reasons that people started calling Kansas, "The Cyclone State". The list of fatalities and property damage for this particular tornado does not rank high statistically, but for this meagerly settled area, it does. Few, if any, of the people that were in the path of this tornado have ever seen anything more terrifying or more mass
Frederick Douglass, a slave in America until the age of 20, wrote three of the most highly regarded autobiographies of the 19th century, yet he only began learning to read and write when he turned 12 years old. After an early life of hardship and pain, Douglass escaped to the North to write three autobiographies, spaced decades apart, about his life as a slave and a freeman. The institution of slavery scarred him so deeply that he decided to dedicate his powers of speech and prose to fighting i
Outline I. Introduction and Basics about Anabolic Steroids A. Description of what steroids are B. Description of what anabolic steroids do C. Basics on how steroids can be acquired II. The History of Steroids A. Brief description of when steroids started B. Brief description of why steroids started C. Brief description of when steroids became a problem D. Brief description of why steroids became a problem III. Affects of Steroids A. Why people use steroids B. Seven negatives for men using stero
Brown v. Board of Ed. of Topeka was a landmark case in the history of American education. It marked a huge turning point in the struggle against segregation and sparked the civil rights movement. Ever since before the Civil War, racial segregation was common throughout the South. After the war ended, segregation continued to become more oppressive and widespread in the southern states. However, the African Americans still tried with all their effort to regain their civil rights. In 1909, the Na
Aisha Aisha was the youngest daughter of Abu Bekr, himself the chief advisor, the first disciple, and best friend of Muhammad -- the Messenger of God. It was customary in those days, and still is today in Arabia, for a man of property and substance to have many wives. In offering his daughter to Muhammad, Abu Bekr was trying to solidify his ties with that great man, hoping an issue would spring forth to carry on the name of both Muhammad and Aisha. The Qoran allows a man to have up to four wive
On February 21, King is indicted, along with twenty-four other ministers and more than one hundred other blacks, for conspiring to prevent the Montgomery bus company from operation of business. A United States Discrit Court rules on June 4 that racial segregation on Alabama's city bus lines is unconstitutional. On November 13, the United States Supreme Court uninamously upholds the decision. On December 21, blacks and whites in Montgomery ride for the first time on previously segregated buses.
Introduction: A Newfound Freedom Capitalism in Russia Imagine you are a high school student just about to graduate. You are about to leave your parents,who have directed your actions for your entire life. However, you have never had to make your own decisions, and are having trouble handling your new situation. Now imagine that on a larger scale. An entire nation released from the control of its "parents" with no idea how to use its newfound freedom. The Russian Federation is only a shell of it
Many things have changed in the United States of America since the late 1950’s and 60’s. During those times blacks were not treated with the rights that they were promised in the Declaration of Independence. In the book, Black Like Me, John Griffin had many unacceptable things happen to him when he was black and also when he reverted back to being white. The country has changed a great deal since that time period, but race relations have still not been perfected. If I had the chance, I would li
The Atomic Bomb and its Effects on Post-World War II Then a tremendous flash of light cut across the sky . Mr. Tanimoto has a distinct recollection that it traveled from east to west, from the city toward the hills. It seemed like a sheet of sun. ÐJohn Hersey, from Hiroshima, pp.8 On August 6, 1945, the world changed forever. On that day the United States of America detonated an atomic bomb over the city of Hiroshima. Never before had mankind seen anything like. Here was something that was sli
There are many things that we as a people want to hide from others, as to sayskeletons we have in the closet, those things that would classify us as being inhumane, or barbaric. Sometimes in life, actions or things that we do dictate to others what type of people we happen to be. The US government has a plethora of covert operations and experiments that they continuously want to hide from the public eye, but no other experiment or operation was as deadly, barbaric, inhumane, ominous, unethical
The history of the Ancient Vikings has long been a mystery to those of Western Civilization. Europe was supposedly in the Dark Ages, during the rise of Viking power, so we have very little real information on what actually went on then. And, with the Mediterranean prejudice of modern historians, nobody really seems to care what went on, either! It is a part of history that many feel is better off forgotten (and swept under the carpet). However, for us of the Northmen RETURN, this time period is
The South, which was known as the Confederate States of America, seceded from the North, which was also known as the Union, for many different reasons. The reason they wanted to succeed was because there was four decades of great sectional conflict between the two. Between the North and South there were deep economic, social, and political differences. The South wanted to become an independent nation. There were many reasons why the South wanted to succeed but the main reason had to do with the
At times it is rather difficult to ascertain the validity of surveys, and to know whether or not the information they give is entirely truthful. After all, telephone polls, while they may be completely honest and unbiased, are directed at a very small portion of the population, and may not paint an accurate picture of how things really are. Certainly, the poll in question, on the surface, appears to be representative of whites and blacks in America, based on the current population of both - wit
An Act of God or Man?: The Buffalo Creek Flood West Virginia History WVU-IT Cheryl Pack November 4, 1997 February 26, 1972 started out like any other winter day in Buffalo Creek. Rain had been falling for several days. The day was dark and cold. Wendell Osbourne Sr. had no idea that this day would not be just any winter day. This day would end with the destruction of his entire way of life. By 10 a.m. on that Saturday morning, he would lose his son and daughter-in-law, his daughter, and 8 grand
Paul Laurence Dunbar: "Paul Laurence Dunbar stands out as the first poet from the Negro race in the United States to shoe a combined mastery over poetic material and poetic technique, to reveal innate literary distinction in what he wrote, and to maintain a high level of performance. He was the first to rise to a height from which he could take a perspective view of his own race. He was the first to see objectively its humor, its superstitions, it yearnings, its aspiration, and to voice them al
Life in the south was worse in the south for black after the civil war. For all the things stated in the following paragraphs. Black codes were legal enactment’s governing the behavior and status of blacks in American states before the 14TH AMENDMENT (1868) to the Constitution made such discriminatory legislation unconstitutional. Before the Civil War the term usually referred to laws regulating free blacks; those governing slaves were usually called slave codes. After the Civil War, the Southe
Malcolm X: A Journey to Righteousness Deep within the heated movement of the civil rights movement burned the soul of one of the most controversial figures to date, Malcolm X. The question of his contribution to the civil rights movement still stands today. But a journey through time will reveal that through his experiences Malcolm X became not only a positive contribution to the movement but also turned his identity from a vehemently anti-white racist to a brotherhood loving mainstream Muslim.
In Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech, his thesis was the Negroes should rise above their persecution and that all men, women, and children should be free. This is a value claim. King's values tell him that all people, no matter what race, should be treated as equals. Later in the speech King says, "I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self evident; that all men are created equal'". King states a f
Introduction No doubt one of the most difficult, complex and controversial legal issues of the last century has been the return of traditional lands to the indigenous people of colonial nations. The modern Western governments can’t be expected to return entire continents to the descendents of the traditional owners, but certainly it is important that some compensation be made for the theft of land during colonisation. Australian Aboriginal land legislation has been particularly problematic due
The History of the Automobile The automobile all start when the people had wanted to travel in something that could go faster than the horse. Henry Ford started with the model A car. He worked for years perfecting. The car when it was finished was a car that had no heat, no windshield or power. The engine had about 10-15 horse power and barley had the power to climb over the stones. These cars were built out of wood and didn't last as the people left them out side. All of the steering had to be
The Sound of Rock The first Marshall guitar amplifier Thoughts of music stir emotion from the depths of our being. The impact of music is both universal and omnipotent. There is not an era in the history of man where music is not present. Poets, painters, and even political theorists use musical terms such as "harmony" and "rhythm" to describe their world. This impact signifies music's importance to man. Each era of history, each stage of man, has its own musical ideas and methods. In modern ti
African Influence on Medieval Europe "Turned inward upon itself, cut off from the Mediterranean Basin by the Sahara desert and from Europe for hundreds of years by the barrier of Islam, and in more recent centuries isolated by the system of the Triangular Trade, Black Africa was an unknown land until the end of the nineteenth century." This picture of Africa is common through out the western world. The prevalent stereotype is that Africa, also known as the 'Dark Continent', was unexplored and u
ÿCourage Essay Throughout the movie, “Power Of One,” there was one character who showed the best example of genuine courage. PK was one of the most courageous figures that has ever been seen in our history. He compiled all the virtues of courage together to help others that were suffering around him. PK chose to act for the good even when he was a small boy. When he was sent to boarding school he avoided the temptation of joining his peers in a foolish belief in Nazism, and kept to himself. Whe
Throughout history many different minority groups have been discriminated against. Although some of these minority groups are hated many members of these groups continue to make positive contributions to American society that help shape our country. One of these individuals is Jackie Robinson. His influence on the game of baseball has set standards for all of baseball fans to admire. The message he made Americans realize is that Blacks are just as capable of doing things as whites are, and any
The City University of New York was not always the complex beaurocratic giant it is today. CUNY finds it’s roots on 138th Street in Manhattan, at what is now known as The City College of New York, but one school in a network of campus’ that form CUNY. Originally CUNY was but one school, with an ambitious dream of providing education to more of New York’s burgeoning population. The Free Academy was founded in 1847. It opened with a mission to provide education for all who wanted it. Soon after,
It was 3 milleniums BC that the first civilizations started to develop in the ancient orient (ancient Near East), Mesopotamia and Egypt. There were other great civilizations that were developing at about the same time like ancient China. These three civilizations were developed around river valleys. The Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations both used religions and mystical beliefs to built their ethical views so did the Shang civilization of ancient China. These great civilizations were able
April 27, 1999 Well, I’ve managed to do it. I’ve been taken over by the “college lifestyle!” Here I am, 4 months into my first year of college, and it feels like it’s only been a few days since I first moved into my assigned cubical-333. My grades absolutely suck. I’ve never made such horrible grades in my life-I mean, who ever thought that you could actually get a “G” on an exam? Or at least that’s what the 37 equals out to be. My social life is about the ONLY thing I seem to be succeeding at
Horror in Aucshwitz Concentration camps were meant to arrest so-called "SchŠdlinge am deutschen Volkskšrper" ("People's delinquents") in order to eliminate them from society and educate them in a national socialist way. Therefore, the Nazis arrested without legal basis real or potential political opponents and people for racial, religious and other reasons. One of the most well-known German concentration camps was the Auschwitz-Birkenau facility, located in the town of Owiecium in upper Silesia
Why The North Won The Civil War In several categories the North was far superior to the South and therefore won the war. Some examples are the economies, financial and industrial capacity, the leadership, and the manpower potential of the North and South. This includes the character and ability of the soldiers. In 1861, when the Civil War first began, the North had almost every advantage number-wise. There were twenty-three states in the Union while there were only eleven in the Confederacy. Th
Skin cancer is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the outer layers of your skin. Skin cancer can be caused in different ways. Malignant Melanoma is the most serious of the common skin cancers. You can check for symptoms for skin cancer. There are different treatments used in skin cancer. There are also different ways to prevent skin cancer. Skin cancer can be caused in different ways. The leading cause of skin cancer is caused by long term over exposure to the sun's ultrav
"ARE ALL MEN CREATED EQUAL?" "Are all men created equal?" is the question that this article asked, but did not answer. This group of articles that was given to me had some very good points, but I do not feel that he answered any of the Questions that he asked. Stanley fish starts the article with Supreme Court cases they look good but I did not think that he talked about them enough for me to even acknowledge that they existed. Stanley Fish quotes George Bush on "Zionism" but then implies that
Jeffrey Bause 1.1949-1953Marhsal and colleagues several charges against schools such as Del, SC, VA, Dis of Col and KA. Kansas filed by NAACP on behalf of Brown. His eight-year-old daughter Linda had to travel several miles to segregated public school everyday eventhough she lived next to a school. May 17 1954 court said, "We conclude that in the field of pub ed the doctrine of sep but equal has no place. Sep ed facilities are inherently unequal…Any lang in Pleesy vs.Fury contrary to these find
Comparing and Contrasting the Purposes and Methods of Communication of three important literary works: The Iliad, Oedipus the King, and Aristotle's Poetics. Upon reading a piece of literature, one of the first things a reader does is to identify the purpose and the mode of communication employed by the author. This knowledge is extremely important in order to fully understand the complete message presented by the author. This essay will treat three major literary works taken from Greek culture:
A member of congress chooses to vote for or against a law due to a number of reasons. With an issue that is very controversial and publicized a member of congress has to be careful of who he alienates. This will ultimately affect his or her reelection chances. The member of congress also has to be concerned with what he believes is the right decision to make. The passage of the Church Arson Act of 1996 seemed to be a publicized decision, but seemed to have little controversy. A legislative hist
Responding to D’Souza In D’Souza’s book Illiberal Education, he points out several specific groups of students who received preferential treatment from educational institutions. Homosexuals, African-Americans, and women are three such groups who have advantages in today’s educational system. In this argumentative essay I will point out the advantageous treatment these groups are given and give reasons why this behavior should be curbed. First I would like to talk about how D’Souza explains how
Marcel Duchamp is considered as one of the most influential artists of the 20th Century by the modern art world. Duchamp, who participated in artistic movements from Fauvism to Surrealism, was an innovator and a revolutionary within the art world. Duchamp, being a founding force in the Dada movement, was also a main influencing factor of the development of the 20th Century avant-garde art. All in all Duchamp has become a legend within the art world. Marcel Duchamp was born on July 28,1887 in Bl
Whether it is novels, short stories or critiques; John Updike gives the reader his analysis on human behavior. He starts with realistic issues and adds a little imagination to create a novel that is rich in quality and relevant to the lifestyles and actions of man (Towers 157). A person’s color, gender, and social class all influence and assemble their personality and view on life. Updike expresses this concept in his works and sometimes uses moral dilemmas and discriminations to show the influ
"What is the History of Magic Mountain?" Viper, Superman - The Escape, Batman: The Ride - on a daily basis these rides thrill us, excite us, and scare us. They are all located within Six Flags: Magic Mountain, and yet the history of this incredible place is hardly known. Was it originally a jelly stand that grew into a local fun-park like Knott's? Or was it originally a cartoon production studio like Disneyland? In this essay, I will show you how the amazing place we know as Magic Mountain grew
Diversity Among The Ages Diversity has caused problems ever since the first Europeans landed in the West Indies and up in till present day. Every Meeting between different races, different cultures, and different skin colors has made people see diversity among each other. Diversity has caused people to kill, to conquer, and to destroy. The fact that diversity is apart of the United States of America has made this country as great as it is today. Diversity in America started in 1492 between the
Ukraine LAND Ukraine's size is about 233,000 sq. miles. It is located to the north of the Black Sea. It is bordered by Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and Poland. Most of the land is flat. The only uplands are the Carpathian Mountains, located in the southwest part of the country, and the Crimean Mountains, located along the southern coast. The climate of Ukraine is temperate and subtropical. PEOPLE Ukraine has a population of about 52 million people. This represents 18% of the population of
What Happened in Little Rock, Arkansas 1957-1959? After slavery, little by little, blacks were gaining their rights and equality. Even so, African Americans were considered equal but separate. Most whites believed that the white race is superior to black and that the races should be separated (Kluger 83). During 1950s, racism became a main national concern. Civil rights organizations, such as National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) pressured the courts to take actions
Japan the Aggressor "Nothing was left of the Hiroshima of a few minutes ago. The houses and buildings had been destroyed and the streets transformed into a black desert, with only the flames from burning buildings giving a lurid illumination to the dark sky over Hiroshima." Those are the ever haunting words of a young boy who survived the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. How did the war get this far that innocent people were slaughtered. What led up to the attack of the Japanese of Pearl Harbor. Ho